‘Australian YMCA with the AIF’ banner: YMCA Headquarters, Aldwych Theatre London. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
Orange celebrates Red Triangle Day, raising almost £1,000 for the YMCA. Hundreds of onlookers line the streets to watch the procession led by the Municipal Band. Mayor McNeilly says that he is sure that the people of Orange will donate generously, given that the city has donated £20,000 to the various patriotic funds since the war began. [This amount seems extraordinary, given that the population of Orange was about 7,000 at the time]. Red Triangle Day
German forces on the Western Front launch a series of violent attacks on Moronvilliers massif; they fail
A total of 713 aeroplanes are brought down on the Western Front during May: 442 German machines and 271 Allied aircraft
The Dover Castle before her wartime service. Image courtesy United Kingdom Government.
German U-boat UC-67 torpedoes the British hospital ship HMHS Dover Castle in the Mediterranean Sea 80 km north of Bone. The initial explosion kills seven boiler stokers; the crew manages to evacuate the wounded onto HMS Cameleon. The captain and a small crew attempt to save the ship, but she is hit by a second torpedo an hour later and sinks.
The French Minister of Marine states that Germany has sunk 2,400,000 tons of Allied shipping so far this year
German troops on the Western Front make three successful attacks in Champagne
Italian forces on the Southern Front take, but then lose Kostanjevica; they succeed in capturing ten guns
All who went forward voluntarily to do their duty in the cause of liberty have, by their valor and patriotism, made glorious history for their country, but it is the heroic dead who are most to be commemorated. Their graves are in a foreign land, far from home and kindred, but their memory will be for ever with their fellow countrymen to be cherished in the town they called their own. It is the duty of the living to ensure that these men shall be duly honored down through generations to follow.
Private Leslie Charles Lemon of Moulder Street says that the French winter is the worst in 30 years. [We are] “up to our eyes in mud” and “the bread was frozen and had to be sawn off in slices with a huge saw”. To make matters worse, he recently returned from the front line to find that all his belongings had been destroyed by fire. Soldiers’ Letters – Dug-out on Fire
The Orange Citizens’ Committee meets at the Town Hall to discuss arrangements for Red Triangle Day on 31 May. This day is a fundraiser for the YMCA. Red Triangle Day
Publisher: Over Seas Club. Image courtesy Museums Victoria. https://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/items/1560486
Orange residents take to the streets in driving rain to celebrate Empire Day. Ald Adolphus Frederic Stanford addresses the crowd from the Town Hall balcony, sympathising with those who have lost loved ones. He declares: “though deeply regretting such losses, they must feel proud of their actions instead of being shirkers and coldfooters“. Empire Day in Orange
The Rev Canon Taylor addresses Orange High School students, assuring them that: “Many dark days are ahead, but the cause of justice must eventually prevail.” At The High School
The British Royal Navy introduces the new convoy system, whereby all merchant ships crossing the Atlantic Ocean are to travel in groups under the protection of the British navy. The British Naval Convoy System Introduced
The French government requests that the United States supply 5,000 pilots, 50,000 mechanics and 4,500 aircraft for the Allies’ war effort by the spring of 1918
French forces on the Western Front gain territory around Craonne
Italian troops on the Southern Front gain ground in southern Carso as Austrian counter-attacks fail
The destroyed railway bridge at Asluj, Palestine, Richard Henry Dawson, May 1917. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
Day 1030 of the war
Members of the Australian Flying Corps (AFC) engage in bombing raids on the railway line linking Auja el Hafir and Asluj in Palestine
St John’s Presbyterian Church in Orange hosts a Gift Night for members of their congregation serving at the front. Remembering the Soldiers
The Land Board convenes at Orange Court House to hear evidence concerning the acquisition of four local properties for returned soldiers to operate orchards. Land for Soldiers
Miss McKenna of Forest Reefs organises a euchre party to raise funds for returned soldiers. Returned Soldiers’ Fund
French Marshal Joseph Joffre and former French Prime Minister Rene Viviani return to France from the United States. The Viviani-Joffre Mission aimed to determine the scope of cooperation between American and Allied forces following America’s entry into the war on 6 April.
Allied forces on the Western Front repulse a German attack on Vauclere Plateau near Craonne