On 11 August 1918 Daniel Malcolm Wann received a gunshot wound to the neck as the 11th Battalion advanced near Morcourt in the closing hours of the Battle of Amiens. Daniel, aka Max, was evacuated to the 5th Australian Field Ambulance. He survived for two days before succumbing to his wounds on 13 August.
Daniel’s brother, Charles Alexander Wann, also serving on the Western Front, would die six weeks later, killed in action at St Quentin Canal on 30 September 1918.
Born in Orange in 1886, Daniel was the second son of Charles snr and Mary Ann nee Plowman. By 1903 the family had moved to Armadale in Western Australia, where Charles snr worked as a sleeper cutter.
In 1911 Daniel married Evelyn Maud Warren and settled at Bullsbrook, where Daniel worked as a teamster. The couples’ first child, Sydney Malcolm, was born in 1912, followed by Donald Charles in 1913, and Alice in 1916.
Daniel enlisted in Perth on 11 November 1916. He embarked HMAT A30 Borda at Fremantle on 29 June 1917, disembarking in Plymouth on 25 August 1917. Private Wann undertook further training at Durrington and Sutton Veny before proceeding to France in January 1918. He was taken on strength with the 11th Battalion on 22 January 1918.
On 20 June 2018 Daniel was admitted to the 3rd Australian Field Ambulance suffering from influenza. He rejoined his unit on 6 July and served for just five weeks before sustaining the injury that proved his demise.
Daniel Malcolm Wann is commemorated on panel number 64 on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.
Daniel Malcolm Wann memorial notice, West Australian, 29 August 1918, p1.
The Federal Minister for Recruiting, Richard Beaumont Orchard, announces that 7,000 Australian men who served at Gallipoli are to be granted furlough in Australia. He anticipates that the first contingent will arrive by Christmas and urges all eligible to “Get Into Khaki!”. The Veteran ANZACs
American President Woodrow Wilson rejects the Austrian Peace Conference Proposal presented to him on 15 September
The families of Preston Edwin Argall and Thomas Edward Priest observe the anniversary of their deaths in Belgium
Allied troops in northern Palestine, launch a devastating attack against Turkish forces and commence a steady advance into Syria. Fighting in the Battle of Megidoo continues until continues until 25 September, resulting in a decisive Allied victory against Turkish forces.
The 5th Light Horse brigade captures Nablus in Palestine, some fifty kilometres north of Jerusalem
Local children and men watch as Turkish prisoners march under escort through a street in Nablus, Palestine, September 1918. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
The diminished Australian 1st and 4th Divisions capture Le Verguier in the Hindenburg Outpost Line Area. The 1st Division attacks with 2,854 infantry and the 4th with 3,048, just one sixth of their original strengths. This is the last time these Divisions see action in the war.
Henry and Margaret Priest of Euchareena receive belated letters of condolence following their son Thomas’ death in action at Menin Road almost a year ago. The Late Sergeant TE Priest
The Austrian government appeals to American President Woodrow Wilson to call an informal conference to discuss peace terms
Allied forces launch a major offensive against the Turks in Palestine and Syria. The Allies break through Turkish lines near the Mediterranean coast, forcing a rapid Turkish retreat and opening the way for an Allied advance on Damascus.
French and Serbian troops at Salonika launch the Battle of Dobro Pole, attacking from Albania to the Struma River and driving a wedge between the German and Bulgarian forces. Fighting continues until 18 September; the subsequent defeat of the Central Powers would lead to Bulgaria’s withdrawal from the war. Death Knell for the Central Powers – The Battle of Dobro Pole
Thomas Robert Rae. Image courtesy University of Sydney Archives.
The service record of Thomas Robert Rae SN 2424 tells very little about his service during World War One. The small amount of information briefly documents that he was in Egypt, went to France, spent time on furlough in England and on his return five months later was killed in action on 30 October 1917.
A letter dated 6 February 1918 from his mother to the Sydney University, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Engineering in Mining and Metallurgy in 1905, reiterates his own words regarding his time at the Western Front:
Our division went into action at Fromelles 10th July 1916. We lost in that stint 69 PC in casualties. We stayed there for 3 months and in August we went to the Somme. On Nov 5th we were again in a stunt near High Wood and immediately afterwards we came out for a spell to a little village called Cardonette about 4 miles from Amiens, there we went to a place called Waterlot Farm on the edge of the renowned Delville Wood. We went to Flers and Goudecourt [sic] in March, the Australians got to Bapaume on the 17th of March 1917 there we followed up the Infantry through Bapaume, Fremicourt, Le Boucherie and Beau Metz. This is where I left to go back to camp just outside Bapaume then came our leave.
Thomas Robert Rae was born in Orange on 18 January 1880. He was the son of George Rae (born in Roxborough, Scotland) and Margaret Bullock, who had married in Orange in 1866. The family resided at Icely but by 1881 had moved to Sydney as his father’s death is recorded there in 1881.
Thomas attended Paddington Public School, then Scots College prior to enrolling in his University course. Before his enlistment on 30 August 1915 he was the Chief Surveyor at the Great Cobar Mines. His death recorded in the Daily Telegraph on 8 December 1917 stated:
He was offered a commission as captain, but he preferred to go as a sapper
Thomas embarked at Sydney for Egypt on 11 December 1915 via HMAT RMS Mooltan as part of the 12th Reinforcements of the 14th Field Company Engineers going to Tel-el-Kebir. He spent six months in Egypt prior to embarking Kinfauns Castle at Alexandria for Marseilles in June 1916. Apart from two weeks’ furlough in England Thomas spent the rest of his time surveying trenches at the front.
Sapper Thomas Robert Rae was killed in action on 30 October 1917. Australian Red Cross Society Wounded and Missing Files contain several reports of his death. He was repairing a pill-box on Westhoek Ridge at the time and was one of the eight men who died. A further five men were wounded.
Major Henry Bachtold of the 14th Field Company of Engineers wrote to Thomas’ mother on 13 November 1917 informing her of her son’s death:
I very much regret having to inform you that your son Sapper Thomas Robert Rae was killed in action on the morning of Tuesday October 30th 1917.
A high explosive shell burst close to him and his death was instantaneous.
He was buried close to where he was hit and his grave is alongside the Westhoek – Zonnebeke Road at a cross roads some 1000 yards east of the cross roads in Westhoek.
Your son had done excellent survey work for the Company and his loss is regretted by all.
Please accept my deepest sympathy
There is no known grave for Sapper Thomas Robert Rae SN 2424. He is commemorated on panel 7 of the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial in Belgium, on panel number 24 on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, on the University of Sydney War Memorial Carillon and on the Sydney University Beyond 1914 website.
When Reginald Gordon Perry enlisted on 29 November 1915 at Casula in Sydney he gave his occupation as a magician. Nothing further can be found on this unusual occupation.
Reginald was the son of Stephen Perry, a well-known local saddler, and his wife Betsy Clarke, and was born in 1889 in Orange. At the time of enlistment, he also had a brother, Stephen Harold Perry, with the 2nd Battalion AIF and another, Roy Stanley Perry, serving with the British Red Cross in Mesopotamia.
On enlistment Reginald joined D Company of the 4th Battalion but was transferred to the 15th Reinforcement on 2 February 1916. In March 1916 he embarked on HMAT Star of England A15 and sailed for Egypt. Soon after his arrival he was admitted to the hospital at Tel-el-Kebir with influenza. On 12 August he joined the 5th Battalion in France and three days later suffered a gunshot wound which shattered his right hip and foot. He was transferred to the West Lothian Hospital near Edinburgh in Scotland.
Reginald took no further part in the war, he returned to Australia via HMAT Euripides in July 1917. On 24 September 1917 the Orange Leader reported the arrival of Lieutenant Steve Perry and Private Reg Perry at Orange Railway Station after they had been invalided home. An enthusiastic crowd of locals were there to greet them and the Salvation Army Band played several patriotic tunes as the train steamed in. Later that evening Mr and Mrs Perry hosted a number of friends at a dinner at their Moulder Street residence. Toasts appropriate to the occasion were duly proposed and drank to the health of the two servicemen.
Reginald Perry was discharged from the Australian Imperial Force on 19 January 1918.
On 26 December 1919 Reginald married Miss Mona McNeil Tully, a daughter of the late Mark Tully of Warraweena Station, Bourke. The couple moved to Sydney sometime between their marriage and 1926 where newspapers record Reginald working a builder and bookmaker. Bookmaking would prove to be his downfall; he was declared bankrupt in March 1926.
Reginald Gordon Perry died on 8 September 1970 at the Repatriation Hospital, Concord, aged 81 years. He was laid to rest in the Presbyterian section of Rookwood Cemetery at Lidcombe along with his wife Mona who died in 1965 and a son, Lloyd Keith, who had died in 1924 aged two months.
Private Reginald Gordon Perry is remembered on the Honour Roll at the Methodist Church Orange.