We well know that our young friend will say of his missing arm, “Gladly and freely given in honor of my native land’s great need. I shall never miss it.“
The Orange Red Cross Society requests donations of fleece for spinning to make garments for soldiers at the front. Donations may be left at the Town Hall, where volunteers have a room equipped with three spinning machines. The Red Cross Workers
Italians forces on the Southern Front evacuate advanced positions on the Asiago Plateau
British troops continue their advance on the Western Front, advancing south of the Souchez river and entering Avion
What, oh! for the time, when one can wash, bathe, shave, and shave daily. One does not appreciate these benefits in civilian life, but this war has taught us all wonders—how to appreciate things by finding out we never knew when we were well off.
Mr AN White of the Victorian Field Artillery Brigade attends a recruiting meeting in Orange with a display of weapons from the Somme. The weapons include a German Cat-o’-5-Tails: “a brutal and criminal instrument of torture” and the Newton Pippin Rifle Grenade: “a remarkably accurate and terrible instrument which scatters the Huns in all directions”. Mr AN White at Orange Recruiting Meeting
Eleftherios Venizelos returns to Athens and succeeds Alexandros Zaimis as Prime Minister. He severs diplomatic relations with Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey; a state of war is declared on the Central Powers.
Eleftherios Venizelos returns to Athens, 27 June 1917. Image courtesy Agence Rol – Bibliothèque Nationale de France.
The first contingent of US troops arriving in France, 26 June 1917. Image courtesy 2nd-division.com.
The first contingent of US troops arrives at Saint-Nazaire in France. Lieutenant General John Joseph “Black Jack” Pershing, Commander-in-Chief of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF), greets the 14,000 infantrymen as they step ashore, declaring: “They are sturdy rookies – we shall make great soldiers of them”. More than two million American soldiers would serve in WWI, 50,000 of whom would die in battle. The First US Infantry Troops Land in France
British troops on the Western Front advance along the Souchez river, occupying La Coulotte
The headmaster of Sydney Grammar School, Mr A Giles, visits Orange to support an appeal for French war victims. France’s Day Appeal
Millthorpe Girls’ Friendly Society hosts a social evening to raise gifts for the Soldiers’ Comforts Fund. Girls’ Friendly Society
A Leader correspondent claims that less than five percent of returned soldiers are interested in becoming farmers and provides six reasons as to why returned soldiers should not be given land grants. Returned Soldiers on the Land
The German armed merchant cruiser Wolf enters New Zealand waters and lays mines off the Three Kings Islands. The cruiser returns two nights later and lays mines off Farewell Spit. Two merchant ships would later be claimed by the mines: Port Kembla on 18 September 1917, and Wimmera on 26 June 1918.
French forces on the Western Front recover more ground near Vauxaillon
British troops advance along a 2.5 kilometre front near Lens
The German Air Force forms the Jagdgeschwader 1, a fighter unit comprising four fighter squadrons with flying ace Manfred von Richthofen, the “Red Baron”, as commander. The unit would become known as “The Flying Circus” or “Richthofen’s Circus” due to the bright colours of its aircraft.
British and German delegates convene at The Hague to negotiate the treatment of prisoners of war
Annie and William Patteson of Lords Place receive letters from their sons George and William, who recently bumped into each other on the Western Front. William complains that the last shipment of mail from home was lost when the SS Mongolia was torpedoed:
This is very bad news for us, as the mail days are looked forward to with interest, more than anything else. We would sooner miss pay day than lose our mail.
A piece of shell took a liking to half one side of my nose, and took it straight off. It was the right side of my nose and top lip that got hit. It is nothing serious. About eight weeks in this hospital will do me the world of good.