British forces have captured 266 officers, 15,203 men, 86 guns and 160 machine guns since the Battle of the Somme started on 1 July
Kaiser Wilhelm appoints Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg as Germany’s new Chief of the General Staff, replacing Erich Falkenhayn. The change in military leadership is welcomed by the German public; German casualties are approaching 250,000 and ground is being lost on the Western Front. Allied naval blockades are causing food shortages in Germany, resulting in the rationing of bread, meat, sugar, eggs and milk. German morale is at all-time low since the beginning of the war.
Romanian forces occupy Brasov in Transylvania
Russian troops capture Mount Pantyr in the Carpathian Mountains
The 6th Australian Brigade launches an attack on German positions at Mouquet Farm on the Somme. The operation is launched in fine weather at 4.45am; 45 men are killed, 257 wounded and 135 reported missing.
British soldiers take a section of German trench north of Bazentin-le-Petit on the Somme
Russian forces advance towards Halicz in Galicia
British forces enter Morogoro in German East Africa
The people of Orange celebrate Wattle Day by making donations to the war effort
The Australian Comforts Fund (ACF) is officially inaugurated to coordinate the activities of the various State patriotic funds established in 1914 to collect money to send comfort parcels to service personnel overseas
British troops continue their advance towards Thiepval in the northern Somme
French soldiers capture the village of Maurepas and repulse violent German counter-attacks to the south
Russian forces reoccupy Mush and Bitlis in Armenia following their ousting by Turkish troops on 24 August. 2,300 Turks are taken prisoner