Allied forces on the Gallipoli peninsula attack Hill 60 in an attempt to consolidate communications between ANZAC Cove and the newly landed British force at Suvla Bay. Their mission fails. A second attack is launched on 27 August, also ending in failure.
Italy declares war on Turkey
British forces attack Turkish positions in the Battle of Scimitar Hill. The attack, made in stifling heat and heavy mist, is a failure; British casualties number over 5,000. Many of the wounded perish in scrub fires ignited by bursting shells. Winston Churchill says of the battle:
The British losses were heavy and fruitless … On this dark battlefield of fog and flame Brigadier-General Lord Longford, Brigadier-General Kenna VC, Colonel Sir John Milbanke VC, and other paladins fell.
The Leader reports that 42 men presented themselves to recruitment officers at the Drill Hall on Wednesday. Of the 42, only 14 passed their medical examination and were able to enlist; the others were found to have defective vision. Eleven of these 14 recruits survived the war, three would be killed in action. Orange Recruiting Depot
The first units of the Australian 2nd Division — the 17th and 18th Battalions from NSW — arrive at Gallipoli. They are a welcome sight for the battle weary ANZACs suffering the effects of disease, parasites and excessive heat. One ANZAC described the reinforcements as “great big cheery fellows, whom it did your heart good to see”.
Allied prisoners of war Gustrow camp, Germany, 1915, Ernst Grantzow. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
Germany claims to have two million prisoners of war: 330,000 British, French and Belgian; the rest Russian
Sir Ian Hamilton informs Lord Kitchener that the August offensive has failed. Hamilton requests 45,000 reinforcements to bring units already on Gallipoli up to strength and another 50,000 to make further offensives possible.
National Registration Day in Great Britain. The National Registration Act 1915, introduced on 15 July, required all British citizens between the ages of 15 and 65 to complete a form to be collected on 15 August. The form recorded name, address, age, nationality, marital status, profession or occupation, and employment details. Individuals were then issued with a registration certificate and were required by law to notify the Local Registration Authorities if they moved house.
The 10th Battalion estimates that 45 per cent of its soldiers have been evacuated from Gallipoli suffering from acute diarrhoea
Harold Ernest Whitmee enlists. Harold is commemorated on the Centenary of WWI in Orange Honour Roll; he would die of wounds in France on 20 March 1917.
Charles Aubrey (‘Chas’) Jhonson enlists. Chas is commemorated on the Centenary of WWI in Orange Honour Roll; he would be killed in action in France on 2 October 1918.
The Leader reports that Lance Corporal George Tidex will arrive in Orange next week, the first wounded soldier from the district to return home. Lance Cpl Tidex
The Leader reports that enrolling officer, Captain Eade, will visit Orange on 18 August to enlist new recruits. It is hoped that all eligible men “will realise their duty” and present themselves. Recruiting
HMT Royal Edward, c.1910–14. Image in public domain.
The British transport ship Royal Edward is torpedoed without warning in the Aegean by the German submarine UB-14. The torpedo hits the Royal Edward in the stern and the ship sinks within six minutes. Casualty numbers vary but a list later published by the admiralty cites a loss of 864 lives. The Royal Edward was transporting reinforcements to Gallipoli at the time of the attack. Centenary News