2 November 1918


This entry was posted on November 2nd, 2018.

Edward O’Rourke

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When the armistice of the First World War was signed on 11 November 1918 Edward O’Rourke lay in the No 2 General Hospital in Maitland, Cape Town, with suspected meningitis. He had embarked SS Zealandic in Melbourne on 5 October, but was admitted to the ship’s hospital on 21 October. The Zealandic docked in Cape Town on 6 November and Edward was transferred to hospital. Private O’Rourke’s condition improved and, on 4 December 1918, he embarked HMAT Marathon for the return trip to Australia.

Edward was born in Lake Tyers, in Gippsland, Victoria on 26 March 1892. By early 1915 “Ted” was employed as a tracker in Orange. He enlisted in Orange on 16 July 1918 and proceeded to military camp for three months’ training prior to embarkation.

Following disembarkation in Sydney in January 1919 Edward underwent a medical examination at the 4th Australian General Hospital in Randwick. The subsequent report stated that the infection had been due to Edward’s military service, and that he was now in good health. Edward was discharged from the AIF on 23 January 1919.

Edward O’Rourke was one of nine known indigenous servicemen with a connection to Orange.

This entry was posted on November 1st, 2018.

1 November 1918

This entry was posted on November 1st, 2018.

Frederick Peppernell

Private Fredrick Peppernell was reported missing in action on 7 June 1917. Some confusion reigned as to whether he was indeed deceased, or was just missing. His military record contains the following letter, written on 13 September 1917 to his mother in Kerr’s Creek, from a New Zealand soldier “somewhere in France”.

It is with regret that I have to write and tell you that your brave son was killed while doing his duty for King and Country. He was burried [sic] with one of his comrades where they fell. I am forwarding the few PCs [postcards] he had in his pocket. Hoping you receive these alright, a brave lad loved and respected by all.

From a New Zealander in arms who layed [sic] your son to rest and put a cross and his name and number.

Pte HD Edmonds, No 37173 1st Coy 1 CIB NZEF France.

At this time the Australian Army still had not confirmed Frederick’s death. It was not until March 1918 that his file was marked “Killed in Action”.

Red Cross files contain the following report from Pte Todd, dated 20 September 1917:

F Peppernell was one of three brothers who were all together. It was a rather remarkable story. He was wounded in the advance and his brother got him into a shell hole and then went on. When they returned there was no sign of him and he has never been heard of or seen since. It is a mystery because the Germans could not have got to him there, and my theory is that he staggered away to get back to the dressing station and a shell got him. All my mates think the same. This was at Messines.

Henry and Annie Peppernell of Kerr’s Creek had given three of their sons to the war effort: Frederick, Henry and William Henry. Frederick and Henry were twins, their births registered in Wellington in 1892. The family lived at Kerr’s Creek, between Orange and Wellington, where their father Henry was recorded as a miner. The brothers came of a large family of at least 15 children.

Frederick and Henry enlisted together on 17 January 1916 and have consecutive regimental numbers. They joined the 36th Battalion, B Company, and embarked from Sydney on board HMAT A72 Beltana on 13 May 1916. Frederick marched into France and on the 8 February 1917 marched out to the front in France. Frederick was killed during the Battle of Messines.

Private Frederick Peppernell No 535, 36th Battalion AIF, is remembered on the Kerr’s Creek Honour Roll, on panel number 127 on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra and on panel 25 of the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial in Belgium.

Frederick is also remembered on a military headstone in the Orange Cemetery next to his parents, Roman Catholic Old Section B, number 786.

Both of Frederick’s brothers returned to Australia after the war.

Frederick Peppernell commemorative plaque, Orange Cemetery. Image courtesy Lynne Irvine.


Frederick Peppernell plaque detail. Image courtesy Lynne Irvine.

This entry was posted on October 31st, 2018.

31 October 1918

This entry was posted on October 31st, 2018.

30 October 1918

The British warship HMS Agamemnon in Mudros Harbour in 1915. Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons.

This entry was posted on October 30th, 2018.

Stanley Michael Jordan

At 8.30pm on 29 October 1918 Stanley Michael Jordan died at the 3rd Australian General Hospital at Abbeville in France. The cause of death was listed as bronchopneumonia, as the result of exposure to the elements. Stanley was the last person from the Orange district to die during the First World War. The armistice was signed just thirteen days later.

Stanley was born in Paddington, Sydney, in about 1894. He grew up in Orange, living with his mother in Lords Place and attending Patrician Brothers’ School. Following his education Stan (as he had become known) trained as a hairdresser. He later moved to Sydney to further his business.

In 1916 Stan returned to Orange and opened a hairdressing salon attached to the Club Hotel in Summer Street.

Image courtesy Leader.

In early October 1916 the Commonwealth Government announced that all unmarried able-bodied men between the ages of 21 and 35 were to undertake military training leading to the possibility of service within the Commonwealth. Eligible men were able to appeal to an exemption court, and Stanley did this. An exemption court opened at Orange Courthouse on 19 October 1916 and was operational until November 1916.

On 27 October 1916 the Leader reported:

Stanley Michael Jordan, hairdresser, urged that he was the sole proprietor of a business, and supported his mother and sister. His only brother had already been called up. He was totally exempted while the conditions remained unaltered.

Less than a year later Stanley enlisted in Darwin. He embarked RMS Ormonde in Sydney on 2 March 1918, a private in the 31st Battalion, 15th Reinforcement. In May 1918 Private Jordan was hospitalised with influenza. He recovered, undertook further training at the 14th Training Battalion at Codford in England, and proceeded to France in August.

On 24 October Stanley was admitted to 8th Australian Field Ambulance with a reoccurrence of influenza. Two days later he was transferred to the 3rd Australian General Hospital at Abbeville, where, on 29 October, he died. Stanley was buried in the Abbeville Communal Cemetery Extension.

Stanley Michael Jordan is commemorated on the Patrician Brothers’ Orange Roll of Honour and on panel number 118 on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.

In 2015 Stanley Street in the Darwin suburb of Muirhead was named in his honour.

This entry was posted on October 29th, 2018.

29 October 1918

This entry was posted on October 29th, 2018.

28 October 1918

This entry was posted on October 28th, 2018.

27 October 1918

Soldiers of the 2nd Battalion, Gordon Highlanders escorting Austro-Hungarian prisoners across a pontoon bridge over the river Piave at Salettuol, Italy, Ernest Brooks, 27 October 1918. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 26737).

This entry was posted on October 27th, 2018.