WWI cigarette card featuring General Henri-Philippe Petain. Image in public domain.
- French President Raymond Poincare relieves French Commander-in-Chief, General Robert Georges Nivelle of his command following the failure of the Second Battle of the Aisne, also known as the Nivelle Offensive. General Henri-Philippe Petain is appointed as his replacement.
- French army units at Châlons-sur-Marne mutiny following recent defeats and heavy casualties. Outbreaks of mutiny continue until October.
- British troops on the Western Front occupy German trenches south of Oppy
This entry was posted on April 29th, 2017.
A Canadian Army officer shows a German Army cartridge belt to King George V. The group is standing in a former German trench on Vimy Ridge captured by the Canadians in April 1917. King George is placing a souvenir cartridge in his pocket. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
- Day 1005 of the war
- British forces on the Western Front continue to advance east of Vimy and capture Arleux
- French troops advance towards Suippe valley in Champagne
- Lieutenant Clarence Crase Thomas becomes the first US Naval Officer killed in World War I when German submarine U-21 torpedoes the American tanker SS Vacuum 190 kms west of the Hebrides Islands in northern Scotland. The force of the blast throws the crew into the ocean and the tanker sinks within two minutes. Picked up by a passing boat, Thomas soon died of cold and exposure. Thomas was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross “for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commander of the armed guard crew of the … Vacuum.”
- The United States Congress passes the Army Bill paving the way for conscription
This entry was posted on April 28th, 2017.
- Mayoress McNeilly places laurel wreaths on the Union Jack at Orange Public School in memory of fallen ex-students Roy Stanford, Jack Earls, Thomas Curtayne, Walter Stokes, William James Johnson, William Chrystall, William Beasley, Walter Newton, Hubert Irwin, Jack McMurtrie, Bert Rockliff, Bert Argall, Edward Fardell, Lisle Lane, Arthur Dein, William Corkett, and Lionel Brizzolara. Anzac Day Celebrations at Public School
- Returned servicemen Malcolm Herbert Stewart and Lennox Ross Owen Douglas address Orange High School students. Anzac Day Celebrations at the High School
- John Arthur Earls is commemorated during the Anzac Day ceremony at East Orange Public School. Anzac Day in East Orange
- Veterans of the Gallipoli landing are guests of honour at memorial services in London. Anzac Day in London
- The headmaster of Wolaroi School commemorates Anzac Day by announcing a scholarship for free board and tuition for the sons of deceased or permanently disabled soldiers. Wolaroi Memorial Scholarship
- Guatemala severs diplomatic relations with Germany
- The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party – Bolsheviks (RSDLP-B) conference opens in Petrograd, with Vladimir Lenin elected honorary Chairman. 57 delegates discuss the present situation, current tasks, the attitude to the Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies and the question of its reorganisation, the structure of Party organisation, attitudes to the other Social-Democratic trends and municipal elections. The conference which continues until 5 May.
Vladimir Lenin pre 1925, Isaak Brodsky. Image in public domain.
This entry was posted on April 27th, 2017.
- Allied troops on the Western Front repulse German attacks on Gavrelle and Chemin des Dames
- British forces on the Southern Front repulse a Bulgar night attack on Hill 380 at Doiran
- Two people are killed and three injured during a German Naval raid at Ramsgate on the Kent coast of England
This entry was posted on April 26th, 2017.
Image from Hackett’s Scrapbooks, 1914-1939 courtesy State Library of Queensland.
This entry was posted on April 25th, 2017.
- Albert Bruntnell of the National Party addresses the people of Orange in the lead up to the Federal election on 5 May
- Lieutenant Robert Alexander Little, an Australian pilot serving with the Royal Air Force engages a German DFW fighter, forcing it to land. He follows the aircraft down and captures the crew at gunpoint. With an official tally of 47 victories, Little is regarded as the most successful Australian flying ace.
- British troops on the Western Front advance to St Quentin Canal near Vendhuil and capture Bithem
- British and Indian forces in Mesopotamia capture Samarra; Turkish troops retreat from Shatt-el-Adhaim towards Jebel Hamrin
This entry was posted on April 24th, 2017.
- Day 1000 of the war
- Henry Robert Maguire Piggott of the National Party addresses the people of Orange in the lead up to the Federal election on 5 May
- The Leader reports the death in France of Orange-born solicitor Francis Bede Commins. Personal
- Orange solicitor, Major Ronald Charles Osborne, is awarded the Military Cross. Soldiers’ Letters
- Mary Vernon, Honourable Secretary of the 1st Light Horse Comforts Fund appeals for tinned fruit, tinned vegetables and lime juice for soldiers of the 1st Light Horse serving in Egypt. Summer Foods for Soldiers
- The Lancet publishes Dr CU Longridge’s controversial paper claiming that trench foot is the result of electricity leaking from the body. Trench Foot and Electric Leakage
- British soldiers on the Western Front capture rest of Trescault and most of Havrincourt Wood
- British forces in Mesopotamia occupy Samarra, 96 kilometres north of Baghdad; they take 937 prisoners
This entry was posted on April 23rd, 2017.
- Charles King Brothers dies of wounds in France
- British troops on the Western Front capture the southern part of Trescault
- German forces bombard Reims
- French soldiers repulse a German attack on Moronvillers massif
- The Second Battle of Doiran begins on the Salonika front. Fighting continues until 8 May and ends in a Bulgarian victory over the Allies
- British troops in Mesopotamia attack Turks in retreat from Istabulat on the west bank of Tigris
A stretch of the Tigris river, Donald Maxwell. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (ART 1849).
This entry was posted on April 22nd, 2017.
Descendants of John Patrick Hamilton VC with Orange City Cr Reg Kidd, NSW Member for Calare, Andrew Gee and Orange RSL sub-branch vice-president Chris Colvin. Image courtesy Orange City Library.
- A statue dedicated to the memory of Victoria Cross recipient John Patrick Hamilton is unveiled in Orange. Fifty people attend the ceremony, including descendants of John Patrick Hamilton VC spanning three generations. Guest speakers include Orange mayor, Cr John Davis OAM, Orange Ex-Services’ Club Senior Vice President, Graham Gentles, The Hon Katrina Hodgkinson, MP, NSW Member for Calare, Andrew Gee, and Ian Burrett JP, whose father, Lt Col Athol Frederick (Joe) Burrett DSO was John Hamilton’s commanding officer.
This entry was posted on April 21st, 2017.
Charles King Brothers c1916. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
Charles King Brothers was born into a family with a long history of public service; his father was a dentist of international renown, his maternal grandfather, Charles McArthur King was a Governor of Norfolk Island and his great great grandfather was Phillip Gidley King, the third Governor of New South Wales.
Charles was born in Orange in 1897, the first of two children born to Ernest Linwood Brothers and his wife Mary Christiana nee King. A sister, Mavis, was born in Sydney in 1899. The family moved to Rangeville in southern Queensland where Ernest practiced dentistry and Charles attended Rangeville State School. As a teenager, Charles served for four years with the Citizens Military Forces, attaining the rank of 2nd Lieutenant.
Following his education Charles worked as a draper. In October 1915 he travelled to Toowoomba, where he enlisted. Sapper Brothers embarked from Sydney with the 6th Field Company Engineers, 5th Reinforcements, aboard HMAT Star of Victoria on 31 March 1916, disembarking in Tel-el-Kebir on 5 May. He served in England and France before being taken on strength with the 5th Field Company Engineers in Belgium on 9 September 1916.
In early February 1917 Charles was hospitalised for 12 days suffering from trench foot. He rejoined his unit on 18 February 1917. On 21 April Charles received several gunshot wounds to the left buttock and right foot. He was admitted to No. 3 Casualty Clearing Station, where he died the following day of his wounds. He was buried in the Grevillers British Cemetery by the Reverend EG Muschamp.
Charles King Brothers is commemorated on panel number 123 on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.
This entry was posted on April 21st, 2017.