Arnold Cassin Caldwell, a draughtsman with the Land Board Office in Orange, complains about marching on the cobble-stoned roads of France. Soldier’s Letter
The first day we marched eight miles, the second fifteen, and the third six … The cobbled roads of France are cruel to march on, and you can guess how we felt after all these miles, chafed with our equipment, and with blisters on our feet. I think most of us were nearly crippled by the time we arrived.
Director of Medical Services for the Australian Army Medical Corps, Sir Neville Howse, writes a letter to the secretary of the War Chest Fund to express his gratitude for the work they do. Sir Neville Howse’s Praise
The uninterrupted and unstinted supply of steaming hot foods and drinks, soups, biscuits, bovril, etc., [is] responsible for quickly reviving the fighting morale and spirits of men somewhat broken under the stress of incessant shell fire and raids
George [Hartas] and I have captured a great big Hun prisoner, one about 6ft 6in, and I tell you we souvenired him. I am sending the things home to you. The souvenirs include a German cap, a pocket wallet with the photo or his wife and three children, a small photo. and his purse, with some Hun money in it … also his ring, which looks like a wedding ring. I want you to keep them, as they will speak for what we do here.
We will be going to make history in a day or two, and I believe the sector we are going to is a pretty hot shop … so this may be my last letter. God alone knows. I have a good lot of men to command, and they will do anything for me, so I am right on that score. Weather permitting, I think we will do what is asked of us, as the Australians are frightened of nothing.
The Right Hon Joseph Cook, Minister of the Navy and Deputy Leader of the National Government addresses one of the largest gatherings ever seen in the Star Theatre in Orange. He urges the townspeople to “give a vehement affirmative answer” in the conscription referendum. The Minister for the Navy in Orange
George Denis (Denny) Chapman, Image courtesy Kerrie Nicholls.
George Denis Chapman was born in Spring Hill on 26 August 1896. His father was George Barnett Chapman; his mother Mary Jane nee Capps. A brother, Harry, had been born in 1895, but died when George was one year old. Another brother, Benjamin, was born in 1898, and a sister, Mary (Winnie) in 1900. George senior was a successful sheep grazier at Spring Hill and young George, aka Denny, followed in his father’s footsteps.
On 8 February 1915 Denny, his brother Benjamin and cousin Alfred, enlisted together in Liverpool. When completing their attestation papers all three claimed to be 18 years old. Denny was actually 19, Alfred 17, and Ben just 16.
The three boys were assigned to 7th Light Horse Regiment, 6th Reinforcements. Alf and Ben embarked for overseas service on 15 June; Denny followed on 28 June.
Denny served initially at Gallipoli, and then in Egypt. In February 1916 he was hospitalised with epidemic parotitis (mumps). In August 1916 he was appointed Temporary Lance Colonel, followed by Lance Colonel in December.
During his war service Denny composed several lengthy letters, describing in detail the battles he had participated, including the Battle of Rafa and the Battle of Beersheba.
Lance Colonel Chapman was hospitalised for a second time in June 1917, again due to mumps. He spent two weeks in hospital before rejoining his brigade.
In August 1918 he attended a School of Instruction in Alexandria. On 23 October 1918 he was mentioned in a despatch from Field Marshal Viscount Edmund Allenby for “gallant and distinguished services in the field.”
Image courtesy National Archives of Australia.
In December 1918 Denny was promoted to Sergeant. He returned to Australia in April 1919 and resumed farming and grazing at Spring Hill.
Denny’s brother Benjamin returned to Australia in August 1919; his cousin Alfred was killed in action in Palestine in November 1917.
In September 1920 Denny married Sarah Elizabeth (Queenie) Worboys at her parent’s house, Canarvon, in Summer Street. Their only child, George Barrie, was born in April 1924. [On his 18th birthday Barrie joined the RAAF and served overseas as a pilot warrant officer during WWII. He met Jean Taylor in England and the couple were married there in April 1945. Tragically, Barrie died in Orange in March 1956, a victim of polio. He was just 31 years of age, and left behind Jean and a young daughter, Wendy.]
During the 1930s and 1940s Denny exhibited his Southdown and English Leicester sheep, winning several awards. He was an officer in the Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC) during WWII and served on Canobolas Shire Council for eleven years. He was also a keen bowler who played at Orange and Millthorpe.
Denny and Queenie later retired to Dover Heights, where Denny died on 22 September 1963, aged 67 years. The Central Western Daily of 3 October 1963 reported that Denny’s granddaughter Wendy travelled from England to attend his funeral.
George Denis Chapman is commemorated on the Spring Hill Public School Honour Roll, the Spring Hill Church Roll of Honor, the Spring Hill Temperance Hall Honor Roll.