A single German aircraft conducts the first daylight raid on London. Six 10kg bombs are dropped over south-west London, the intended target is the Admiralty Building in Whitehall. The bombs miss their target; ten people are injured and £1,585 worth of property is damaged. The aircraft later experiences engine trouble and crash lands in France, where the crew of two is taken prisoner.
Russian troops on the Eastern Front succeed in the Carpathian Mountains, capturing the heights to the east of Jablonitsa Pass and Kirlibaba
Bulgarian soldiers on the Southern Front occupy Giurgevo (Giurgiu), on the Danube
British troops conduct a successful raid near Macukovo in Macedonia
The Romanian Armed Forces is engaged in a daring cavalry charge into enemy lines – the Prunaru Charge, a phase of the Battle of Bucharest. Although 4,866 of the 5,000-strong 2nd Roşiori cavalry regiment are killed, the action is considered a tactical victory, allowing the 18th Romanian infantry division to regroup and help defend Bucharest.
Ten German airships raid the north-east coast and north Midlands region of England, killing four people and injuring 37. Two of the zeppelins – L-34 and L-21 are shot down and ditch in the sea with the loss of all crewmembers. Zeppelin Raids
German troops in Romania advance on Bucharest, capture Curtea de Arges and Giurgevo (Giurgiu), and occupy Alexandria in the country’s south
Russian troops force Turkish soldiers back into Persia, capturing many of their armaments
German submarine SM U-32 torpedoes and sinks the British cargo liner City of Birmingham in the Mediterranean Sea 90 nautical miles south east of Malta. Four sailors die, the remaining crew are rescued by HMHS Letitia.
Operations in Romania November 1916 to January 1917. Image courtesy US Department of Military Art and Engineering.
250,000 German-Bulgarian troops under the command of General August von Mackensen advance on the Romanian capital, Bucharest. Fighting in the Battle of Bucharest continues until 6 December and results in 60,000 Romanian casualties. German-Bulgarian casualties are unknown.
The Luftstreikrafte (German Air Force) is established as a separate branch of the army
The German Patriotic Auxiliary Service Bill is presented to Reichstag (German Parliament). The proposed bill stipulates that men between the ages of 17 and 60 years of age are liable to be called up for labour.
Herbert Vincent McGrath is killed in action in France
His Majesty’s Hospital Ship Britannic hits a German mine and sinks in the Aegean Sea four nautical miles off Kea, Greece. The converted Olympic-class ocean liner is the largest of its kind in the world and a sister ship of the Titanic. Thirty of the 1,066 people on board are killed.
Arthur Zimmermann is appointed German Foreign Minister, following the resignation of Herr Gottlieb von Jagow
German troops on the Eastern Front occupy the city of Craiova in Romania
Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria dies after 66 years on the thrones of Austria and Hungary. He is succeeded by his great-nephew Archduke Charles, who wants to take Austria-Hungary out of the war.