- Day 409 of the war
Arthur Louis Edwards was born in Balmain in 1886 to John Louis Edwards and his wife, Rachel. He attended Armidale Public School where he served in the NSW Public School Cadets. Arthur’s father, John, died in Orange in 1909, aged 47.
Arthur was working as a Clerk for the Armidale Railway Service when he enlisted in August 1914. He was assigned the rank of Private and placed in the 1st Infantry Brigade 2nd Battalion, 1st Division AIF. He embarked at Sydney on the HMAT A23 Suffolk in October 1914 and disembarked at Alexandria in December.
In February 1915 Private Edwards was transferred to Brigade Headquarters at Mena. It appears that he proceeded to Gallipoli on 25 April, but his movements are unclear.
Arthur’s mother had not heard from him for some months and did not know of his fate. In September she asked the Archdeacon of Armidale, where she was living, to write to the War Office, requesting information. A reply to the Archdeacon’s request from the Base Records Office advised that “no official report that he was killed in action, or to any other effect, has been received”.
An entry in Arthur’s service records dated November 1915 notes that “he was temporarily attached to 1st Infantry Brigade Headquarters at Mena. When the Unit arrived at Anzac, he was ordered not to disembark from Transport. He was missed later during the day and nothing further heard of him. No 283 Private W. Edwards who was returned to Australia reported he had been killed in action on 26 April 1915. 2nd Battalion confirmed this report.”
The Armidale Chronicle reported Arthur’s death on 20 November 1915.
Arthur is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli and the Armidale World War I Memorial Fountain. He is also commemorated on his father’s grave in Orange Cemetery.
* Margot Sharpe, 2015Comments Off on Arthur Louis Edwards
Rupert Edwin Thomas Richardson was born in Orange in 1894, the third child and first son of Henry and Jane Richardson. Henry and Jane had nine children, all of whom were born in Orange, where Henry worked as a builder. The family later relocated to Sydney.
In 1915 Rupert was living with his family in Double Bay and working as a shop assistant. He enlisted in WWI in September that year and embarked five weeks later for training in the deserts of Egypt. It was here that the 56th Battalion was formed and Rupert was appointed Temporary Corporal.
On 22 June 1916 Rupert’s unit embarked at Alexandria, bound for Marseilles. After a week at sea, a four-day train trip and a two-day march the 5th Division arrived in the village of Estaires on the Western Front.
At 6pm on 19 July the 5th Division entered the Battle of Fromelles; this the first time that Australians had fought on the Western Front. Each man in the charge carried a rifle, ammunition, rations, two bombs and two empty sand bags to fill to construct new defences. Rupert’s diary entry for that day reads:
Fight for life at 4A Farm charge started at 6pm and 53rd Battalion got as far as railway 4th line but owing to other battalions of other Brigades failing to go through had to retire at 1.30am to a small line thrown up by us then later into their first line the fight was great but oh my God who could imagine a war like this we cut them down in dozens. I was on the machine gun.
And the following day:
We held on until 10am where we were forced to retire to our own line under a hail of shells, bombs and machine gun fire. You never saw such a sight. Well the 14th Brigade need have no fear of its honour after this for the deeds done there were simply great, our purpose gained British advance 5 miles on the Somme.
The five mile advance had come at a huge price; the 5th Division had sustained 5,533 casualties, including 1,917 killed, 3,146 wounded and 470 taken as prisoners of war. This would later be described as the worst 24 hours in Australia’s military history.
Rupert spent the next few months on trench garrison duty in the Fleurbaix region, battling wet and muddy conditions as the northern winter set in.
In April 1917 the 56th Battalion succeeded in taking the village of Louveral from the retreating German army. It was during this battle that Rupert sustained a gunshot wound to the chest, which resulted in the loss of one lung. He was transferred to England, where he spent the next 18 months recovering. During his convalescence Rupert took the opportunity to spend time with his father’s family at Hull in Yorkshire.
Rupert arrived back in Australia in March 1919, having served for three and a half years. He returned to retailing, leasing a drapery business in Lindfield from Ernest Duval. He met Ernest’s daughter, Vera, whom he married in February 1926. Rupert obtained a War Service Loan from the Commonwealth Government, with which he purchased a block of land in Lindfield, and, with the help of his father, built a home. Rupert and Vera had three daughters, Marcia in 1927, Barbara in 1930 and Gretel in 1932.
During the 1930s Rupert worked for the Australian Red Cross. His role involved travelling throughout regional NSW establishing new branches of the organisation.
In 1940 Rupert enlisted in WWII. He served for four years as a Warrant Officer in the Citizen Military Forces at the Army Records Office in Sydney. He later helped to establish the Commonwealth Reconstruction Training Scheme which retrained returned servicemen.
Rupert was an active member of various organisations including the Chamber of Commerce, the Progress Association and the United Australia Party.
Rupert died at the Concord Repatriation General Hospital in Sydney in April 1960.
Rupert’s brother John Henry Lewis Richardson also fought in WWI.
* Sergeant Rupert Richardson, Anthologie Group, 2014Comments Off on Rupert Edwin Thomas Richardson