Private Charles Herbert Cane. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
When Charles Herbert Cane enlisted in October 1914 he nominated his brother Harry in Orange as his next of kin.
A labourer in Victoria prior to enlistment, Charles embarked HMAT Themistocles in Melbourne on 22 December 1914. Private Cane served in the 2nd Battalion at Gallipoli, where he was killed in action on 27 April 1915.
Charles’ and Harry’s brother, Henry Wilson Cane, also enlisted in WWI. Henry was hospitalised whilst in camp at Broadmeadows in Victoria. He died on 23 May 1915; his service records cite measles and bronchopneumonia as his cause of death.
It is not clear what brought Harry to Orange, or how long he stayed. Census records indicate that he was no longer living in Orange in 1915 or 1916.
The SS Glitra becomes the first British merchant vessel to be lost to a German submarine. The Glitra is transporting a load of coal from Grangemouth to Stavanger when she is intercepted off the coast of Norway by the German U-boat U-17. The crew is ordered into life boats and the vessel scuttled. There is no loss of life.
The First Battle of Ypres begins as winter sets in. French and British troops stand firm around the Belgian city of Ypres, preventing the German armies breaking through to the Channel ports of Calais and Dunkirk. The battle continues until 22 November.
The transfer of the British Imperial Army from the Aisne to Flanders ends
Japanese cruiser Takechiho. Image in public domain.
The Japanese light cruiser Takachiho is struck by a single torpedo launched from the Imperial German Navy torpedo boat S-90 off the coast of Tsingtao. The cruiser sinks with the loss of 271 officers and men. This signifies the largest single loss suffered by Japanese forces during the entire war. Three men survive the attack.
British warships begin to bombard Ostend
The Belgian town of Roulers is taken by German forces
The New Zealand Expeditionary Force sets sail from Wellington. Ten troopships transport 8,454 soldiers to Western Australia to join the Australian convoy at Albany. This signifies the largest single group of New Zealanders to ever leave their homeland. The cargo includes ammunition, supplies and almost 4,000 horses.
The British Expeditionary Force recaptures the town of Bailleul in northern France from the German Army. The town remained under British and French control until it was recaptured by Germany on 15th April 1918.
The town of Bruges in the Belgian province of West Flanders is occupied by German forces
Allied forces capture the German protectorate of Yabasi in West Cameroon
The first troops from Canada and Newfoundland arrive in Britain