Brigadier-General Arthur Aitken assumes command of British forces in East Africa, succeeding Brigadier-General JM Stewart
The British cruiser HMS Chatham discovers the German light cruiser Konigsberg in the Rufiji River delta in German East Africa. Reputedly the most powerful German ship in the Indian Ocean at the time the Konigsberg was waiting for machinery damages to be repaired. British ships blockade the Konigsberg.
British Secretary of State for War, Lord Kitchener, sends a conditional guarantee of Arabian independence to Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca
Transport ships coaling and watering in the inner harbour, Albany 30 October 1914. HMS Minotaur and HMAS Melbourne are opposite the pier. Photographer Charles Edwin Woodrow (CEW) Bean. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
Vessels of the first Australian convoy gather in Albany Western Australia, where they refuel and prepare to set sail for the continent.
Great Britain and France sever diplomatic relations with Turkey
Lord Fisher is appointed First Sea Lord, Great Britain, replacing Prince Louis of Battenberg who resigned the previous day
The British hospital ship Rohilla runs aground in Saltwick Bay near Whitby in Yorkshire. A huge rescue operation begins; 146 of the 220 people on board are saved, including a survivor of the Titanic.
The Italian Cabinet resigns and a new cabinet is formed; Antonio Salandra remains Prime Minister.
The German cruiser Emden sinks the Russian cruiser Zhemchug in Penang. The Emden arrives at Penang disguised as a British warship, proceeds to raise the German naval flag, sink the French destroyer Mousquet and torpedo the Zhemchug at point-blank range. A second torpedo breaks the vessel in two, killing 89 crewmen and wounding 143 others.