The battered German destroyer V69 in the Dutch port of Ymuiden Harbour after action with Harwich Flotilla in the North Sea, 23 January 1917. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 48422).
- The Harwich Flotilla clashes with German 6th Torpedo-Boat Flotilla in the North Sea; the destroyer HMS Simoom is torpedoed and damaged by SMS S-50. Her 81 crew are rescued by HMS Morris and she is scuttled by HMS Nimrod.
- German troops on the Eastern Front launch a counter-offensive between Lake Babit and Tirul Marsh; as a consequence Russian soldiers lose much of their recently captured ground.
- Bulgarian troops near Tulcea are driven back across the Danube River
This entry was posted on January 23rd, 2017.
- Day 910 of the war
- A photograph of Orange’s first VC winner, John Patrick Hamilton, is displayed at the Empires and Monarch’s Theatre. Orange Boy’s VC
- Orange bandsman, William Eyles, pays tribute to former Deputy Town Clerk and Orange Town Band bandmaster, Herbert “Rocky” Rockliff, killed in action in July 1916. The Late Bert Rockliff
- The Leader ponders the accuracy of the term “Anzac Nurses”, and compares the physical attributes of Australian and English women
- Bulgarian troops on the Eastern Front cross the southern arm of the Danube River near Tulcea
- The Orange Red Cross Society appeals for fruit and sugar to make jam for soldiers fighting overseas. Jam, they say, is in more demand than clothing, and they have pledged to supply 500lbs (227 kilos). Home Made Jam For Soldiers
This entry was posted on January 22nd, 2017.
German infantry leaving rest billets for trenches on the Verdun Front, 1917. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 29942).
- Allied troops on the Western Front repulse German attacks north of the Bois des Carrieres at Verdun
This entry was posted on January 21st, 2017.
Major-General Sir Arthur Reginald Hoskins with an officer of the Indian Army at Kibambwe, East Africa, January 1917. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 15464).
- Major-General Sir Arthur Reginald Hoskins succeeds General Jan Christiaan Smuts as Commander-in -Chief of British forces in East Africa
- German troops on the Eastern Front take Fundeni in Romania
- Tsar Nicholas II outlines his main policy objectives to new Russian Prime Minister, Prince Nikolai Dmitriyevich Golitsyn, He proposes continuation of the war effort, improved provisioning of the armies and civilian population, and improved transport systems. He trusts that the Duma (Russian State Assembly) and the Council of Europe will support the prince.
This entry was posted on January 20th, 2017.
Zimmermann Telegram, 19 January 1917. Image courtesy US National Archives at College Park.
- British intelligence intercepts a coded telegram from German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann to the German Ambassador to Mexico, Heinrich von Eckardt. Von Eckardt is instructed to negotiate a military alliance with Mexico against the United States, offering US territory to Mexico in exchange for joining the German cause. Why was the Zimmermann Telegram so important?
- An Egyptian General describes the men of the Anzac mounted division as “keen, cool and resourceful, with an eye for country and with fine marksmanship, they shine in attack and defence, and when dismounted are firm believers in the bayonet” The All-Round Anzac
- Australian church leaders “appeal to all citizens for a yet fuller response to the call of duty and patriotism”.
- The Brunner Mond munitions factory at Silvertown, East London explodes, killing 73 people and injuring more than 400 injured. The disaster is the largest single explosion ever experienced in London. Thought to be the result of German sabotage, the cause of the explosion was never determined. The Silvertown explosion of 1917
- The Leader publishes the poem A Daylight Strafing Bill by Oriel
Daylight saving is said to be bad for the theatres, worse for the picture shows, fatal to the pleasures of the bather, detrimental to the health of the night worker (who must have his evening meal while the sun is high in the sky); it prevents church services being held in the customary dim religious light, and will not allow the children to sleep when they are sent to bed. Now the cows are putting in their veto.
Chorus of old actors:-
There’s an outburst of expression in the whole of our profession;
You can hear the star tragedian loudly raving;
For they’ve taxed the slx-bob seats, well-nigh halved our gross re ceipts-:
And labelled the result as daylight saving!
The movie manager:-
Oh, the sunlight’s fitful flicker ruins “Chaplin on the Shicker”;
Can you wonder that our language is depraving?
Chorus of bathers:-
You can hear our plaintive screech right along the Manly beach,
As we think of all we’ve lost thro’ daylight saving!
The honest working man:-
Oh, my sausages at tea, with my innards don’t agree
For the sunshine’s been and robbed me of my craving.
Chorus of very reverend gentlemen:-
And we’re not inclined to skite re our dim religious light,
Since our congregation took to daylight saving!
The sorrowful parent:-
When the day with all its hubbub yields to nightfall in our suburb,
And the evening breeze the washing’s gently waving;
Every blessed pair of twins in the neighbourhood begins
To disclaim a shrill protest on daylight saving!
Chorus of dairymaids:-
Last of all, the gallant cow, sir, Freedom’s cause starts to espouse sir,
And she deprecates the habit of enslaving;
If she cannot get her hour, then she’ll strike, or else go sour-
Like the milk you’ll get when you are daylight saving!
Grand finale (Omnes).
Saving, saving, silly daylight saving
Oh, convention’s rules you think that you are waiving;
But the sun that’s up on high gives your altered clock the lie-
Gott strafe stupid daylight saving!
This entry was posted on January 19th, 2017.
Romanian gunners manning a 120 mm gun near Casin, 1917. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 58526).
- Allies on the Eastern Front launch unsuccessful attacks on enemy positions between the Casin and Susitsa valleys
This entry was posted on January 18th, 2017.
Members of No 4 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, waiting to embark for overseas service, Port Melbourne, 17 January 1917. Photograph by Josiah Barnes and courtesy Australian War Memorial.
- Day 905 of the war
- No. 4 Squadron of the Australian Flying Corps embark RMS Omrah in Port Melbourne, bound for France. The squadron is the final one formed during World War I. Its pilots would commence active service in the Battle of Cambrai in November 1917.
- Private Harold Gartrell, a telegraphist stationed in Rabaul returns to Orange to recover from malaria. Personal
- The Leader publishes the 264th casualty list which includes Henry Thomas Ward and C Taylor from Orange
- The audience at the Australian Hall in Orange listens “with rapt attention” to The Story of Gallipoli
- Canadian troops launch a highly successful raid against German lines northeast of the Lens-Bethune Railway near Calonne on the Western Front. In less than one hour, they succeed in blowing up more than 40 dugouts and three ammunition dumps, and manage to capture 100 prisoners and seize enemy guns.
- The lnter-Allied Conference convenes at Petrograd. Representatives of Russia, France, Great Britain and Italy meet to discuss war policy, finance, supplies and co-operation.
This entry was posted on January 17th, 2017.
- British troops conduct a daylight raid west of Lens on the Western Front
- Romanian troops on the Eastern Front recapture high ground between the Casin and Oitoz valleys
- Allied forces drive the enemy from Vadeni in Romania
This entry was posted on January 16th, 2017.
- George Frederick Reed enlists. George is commemorated on the Centenary of WWI in Orange Honour Roll; he would die of wounds in France on 7 March 1919, almost four months after the end of the war. George is one of the last men from the Orange district to die as a result of WWI.
- The Leader reports that several boys from Orange have arrived in England aboard the Argyllshire. They include Arnold Cassin Caldwell, Leonard Osborne Cockett and Alfred Richard Mead. Orange Soldier Boys. The Argyllshire left Sydney on 30 October 1916 and arrived at Plymouth on 10 January 1917. Also aboard was Frederick Daniel Grimson.
- The young men of Orange are urged to present to the drill hall and sign up for the Camel Corps or the Australian Light Horse Brigade. Join The Camel Corps
- The Leader reports that a large audience attended the recent Anzac lectures at Frape’s Hall in Millthorpe, where “actual photographs [were] thrown on the screen by a lantern”.
- The Orange Girls’ Friendly Society decides to support soldiers at the front by arranging a series of musical evenings for which they will charge sixpence admission. Comforts Fund
This entry was posted on January 15th, 2017.
First meeting of Provisional Council of State, January 1917. Image courtesy Stanisław Dzierzbicki Pamiętnik z lat wojny 1915-1918, Warszawa 1983.
- The Polish Provisional Council of State is officially inaugurated at Warsaw’s Royal Castle. The Council is established by German and Austrian military authorities and consists of 25 members; 10 from Austria and 15 from Germany. The magnate Waclaw Niemojowski is appointed Crown Marshall, with Józef Mikułowski-Pomorski acting as his deputy.
- 305 men die when the Japanese battle cruiser Tsukuba explodes in port at Yokosuka. The number of casualties could have been far more; some 400 crewmen were on shore leave at the time of the explosion. The force of the blast breaks windows in Kamakura, over 12 kilometres away. The explosion was later attributed to a fire in the vessel’s ammunition magazine.
This entry was posted on January 14th, 2017.