- Lionel Brizzolara’s family observes the anniversary of his death in action in the Battle of Pozieres
- French troops on the Western Front repel a German counter-attack north of the Aisne
- The Russian retreat in East Galicia continues; with more towns evacuated, and positions in the Carpathians abandoned
- Allied representatives assemble in Paris to discuss the Balkan situation. Military, naval and political committees discuss plans in view of the probable collapse of Russia,
- A French military court convicts Dutch-born dancer and courtesan Margaretha Zelle (better known by her stage name, Mata Hari) of spying for Germany. She is subsequently sentenced to execution by firing squad. Mata Hari Sentenced To Die
This entry was posted on July 25th, 2017.
Russian prisoners captured in the fighting near Tarnopol, July 1917. A German guard is searching a Russian soldier in the foreground. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 86646).
- French forces on the Western Front counter-attack and regain ground lost north of the Aisne
- Austro-German forces on the Eastern Front occupy Stanislau and Tarnopol, recently evacuated by the retreating Russians
- The Russian Government reinstates the death penalty for mutinous soldiers and deserters
- The Canadian House of Commons passes the Military Service Act on its third reading; conscription will come into effect on 29 August
This entry was posted on July 24th, 2017.
- Day 1090 of the war
- Arthur William Snook’s family observes the anniversary of his death in action in the Battle of Pozieres
- Leslie Edward Pearce Dartnell, son of the Orange postman, describes his recent trip to Paris as “one of the best holidays I have ever had”. He concludes his letter with a description of the Australian camp near Le Havre:
It is a beautiful picture I look upon from out the office door… The Divisional Band is playing to a crowd of our boys, who are lolling about on the green grass. Then to the right a little way another group are playing cricket. Further away are the white tents showing up against the green grass, and then in the back-ground are the green fields and lovely foliaged trees on the hillside. No one could imagine a more beautiful and peaceful scene. War is certainly not in the air. I suppose my time is drawing very close now, and I will soon be up to the line.. I think the division is moving up Armentieres way again. I hope so, anyway, for the Somme is an awful graveyard of a place.
- William Henry Bowers, a former printer with the Advocate writes home to say:
I was in a “scrap” with the Germans on May 15th on the famous Hindenburg line, and I was just enjoying the fun when I stopped one on the right hip, the bullet finding an outlet in the fleshy part of the stomach, just missing the vital parts. Another inch and I would have been “gone.”
- Russian troops on the Eastern Front continue their retreat in Galicia
Russian troops holding a meeting in the trenches during the general retreat. Note British officers amongst them. Galicia, July 1917. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 109735).
This entry was posted on July 23rd, 2017.
Gotha IV bomber in flight. Image in public domain.
- Four members of the Australian Army Nursing Service, Sisters Dorothy Cawood, Clara Deacon and Alice Ross-King and Staff Nurse Mary Jane Derrer rescue patients trapped in a burning Casualty Clearing Station at Trois Arbes in Franc. They are awarded Military Medals “for acts of gallantry and devotion to duty under fire“. These are the first bravery awards won by Australian nurses; a total of eight Military Medals were awarded to nurses during WWI.
- German Gotha bombers conduct a raid on the east coast of England over Felixstowe and Harwich. Thirteen people are killed and 26 injured
- Russian troops on the Eastern Front penetrate German defences near Vilna, taking 1,000 prisoners
- Siam declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary
This entry was posted on July 22nd, 2017.
- Heavy snow in Millthorpe postpones a novel attempt to recruit volunteers for the war: young ladies were to lead horses with empty saddles through the town, attempting to induce men to fill them. Recruiting in Millthorpe
- German troops on the Eastern Front progress south of Dniester, reaching the outer suburbs of Tarnopol
- German submarine SM UC-49 torpedoes the armed merchant cruiser HMS Otway in the Atlantic Ocean north of the Butt of Lewis, Outer Hebrides. The Otway sinks; ten of her crew are lost.
SS Otway. Image in public domain.
This entry was posted on July 21st, 2017.
The blindfolded US Secretary of War draws draft numbers in the lottery for the first American draftees, 20 July 1917. Image courtesy US War Department.
- US Secretary of War, Newton D Baker, blindfolded, draws the first number in the lottery for the first American draftees, as prescribed under the Selective Service Act 1917.
- The Leader publishes the latest casualty list. The list includes Narromine brothers Charles Henry Whiteley and Richard James Whiteley
- Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky succeeds Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov as Prime Minister of Russia
- Record heat is recorded at Baghdad as the temperature exceeds 50.5 degrees Celsius
- The Leader publishes The Kaiser’s Revised Prayer
Mine Gott will you be mine partner,
You don’t know who I am
I am de German Kaiser,
De Emperor Will-I-Yam.
You know I whipped dem Belgians
Und mitt bullets filled Russia full;
Und I’ll whip France and Italy
Und blow up Johnny Bull.
Now all dem other nations,
I don’t give a dam;
If you’ll but be my partner
Und whip dot Uncle Sam.
You know I got dem submarines,
All Europe knows that well;
But dot Edison got a patent now
Vot blows dem all to hell.
Now Gott, if you do this,
Den you I will always love,
Und I will be emperor of de earth.
Und you emperor above.
But Gott if you refuse me dis,
To-morrow night at ‘leven,
I’ll call my Zeppelins out
Und declare war on heaven.
I wouldn’t ask this from you,
But it can be plainly seen,
Dot when Edison pushes dot button,
I got no submarine.
This entry was posted on July 20th, 2017.
- George Alfred Blunt’s family observes the anniversary of his death in the Battle of Fromelles
- James Fleming enlists. James is commemorated on the Centenary of WWI in Orange Honour Roll; he would be killed in action in France on 20 June 1918.
- German troops on the Western Front launch attacks south of Lombartzyde, south of St Quentin, and north of the Aisne
- German forces on the Eastern Front launch a counter-offensive, piercing Russian positions east of Zloczow near Lemberg
- Allied troops in Palestine drive back a Turkish cavalry force west of Beersheba
- British troops in German East Africa attempt to seize enemy water holes at Narungombe, and quickly became embroiled in fierce fighting. Both sides experience heavy casualties.
This entry was posted on July 19th, 2017.
- Day 1085 of the war
- The Leader reports that Mr and Mrs Hughes have received a cable advising that their son, Luke, has been killed in action. Soldiers’ Letters – Killed in Action
- The Mayor of Orange announces that a total of £640 has been donated so far for the widows and orphans of France. France’s Day Items
- Sir Eric Campbell Geddes succeeds Sir Edward Henry Carson as First Lord of the Admiralty
This entry was posted on July 18th, 2017.
- The Royal Australian Naval Brigade Minesweeping Section is established. The section is responsible for all minesweeping activities in Australian waters during WWI.
- King George V renounces his German heritage; by royal proclamation he changes the name of the British Royal Family from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor
- British troops on the Western Front conduct successful raids in the Ypres sector
- French forces regain lost positions north-west of Verdun
- Russian troops on the Eastern Front hold their positions in Galicia against German counter attacks
- The people of Petrograd take to the streets to protest against escalating hardships. Fighting in the streets of Petrograd, Russia
Troops of the Provisional Government fire machine guns on demonstrators in the streets of Petrograd, 17 July 1917. Image in public domain.
This entry was posted on July 17th, 2017.
- Clive Allen Glasson is killed in action at Menin Gate in Belgium
- Harry Sullivan returns from the front and shares his stories of Gallipoli, where his ear was perforated by a bullet. Corporal Harry Sullivan
- The Leader reports that a huge statewide recruitment day will be held on 27 July to secure recruits for the Sportsmen’s Reinforcements Unit. Recruiting Boom – Monster Sportsmen’s Rally
- The Shadforth Public School honour roll is displayed at Millthorpe. Shadforth Honor Roll
- Donations to date for France’s Day in support of French widows and orphans stand at £412
- The local recruiting committee forwards a wristlet watch to Arthur Roy Burrell, who is in camp at Menangle and about to depart for overseas service. Presentation to Pte Roy Burrell
- The Australian destroyers HMAS Warrego, HMAS Parramatta, HMAS Yarra, HMAS Swan, HMAS Torrens and HMAS Huon search the coast off Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean for survivors from the British merchant ships SS Jumna and SS Wordsworth, scuttled earlier in the year by the German raider SMS Wolf. Finding no survivors they continue their voyage to the Mediterranean.
- Allied troops on the Western Front repulse German counter-attacks at Moronvilliers in Champagne
- Russian forces continue their withdrawal in Galicia on the Eastern Front, evacuating the town of Kalusz at the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains
Kalusz, July 1917. Image courtesy Austrian National Library/The European Library.
This entry was posted on July 16th, 2017.