- Convinced that the Americans and Germans are working together against the British, Minister for War, David Lloyd George, gives an interview to Roy Howard, President of the United Press of America. He addresses President Woodrow Wilson all but by name, demanding that he butt out, declaring that “there can be no outside interference at this stage … The fight must be to a finish – to a knockout.” The Times publishes the interview on 29 September.
- British troops storm Stuff Redoubt and advance north of Flers to the east of Eaucourt l’Abbaye on the Somme
- The Romanian Army continues to advance through Transylvania; Romania now occupies one-third of the region
- The Leader advertises the upcoming display of war photographs at the Oddfellows’ Hall
This entry was posted on September 27th, 2016.
Aerial photograph of Thiepval under bombardment, September 1916. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (HU 91109).
- Bernard Augustine Kelaher dies of wounds sustained when accidently shot by a sentry guard in France
- 600 Orange residents attend an anti-conscription meeting at Robertson Park. Anti-Conscription Meeting
- The Battle of Thiepval Ridge begins on the Western Front. The three-day battle is part of the final stages of the Battle of the Somme. British troops finally capture Mouquet Farm; they storm Gueudecourt as the cavalry pursues the retreating Germans.
- British intelligence intercepts the telegram to Washington from the American ambassador in Berlin. The information is forwarded to the British Minister for War, David Lloyd George.
- Greek ships join the Allied fleet under Admiral Louis Dartige Du Fournet, the French Commander-in-Chief
- British troops under the command of Brigadier-General Sir Charles Preston Crewe capture Igalulu, east of Tabora in German East Africa.
This entry was posted on September 26th, 2016.
British troops offer cigarettes to German wounded and prisoners, Battle of Morval, 25 September 1916. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 4303).
- The Mayor of Orange, Ald ET McNeilly receives a telegram from Prime Minister Hughes requesting that a National Referendum Committee be formed in Orange. Conscription Meeting
- The Leader reports that a portion of land in Molong has been allocated for a returned soldier. Land For Soldiers
- The Battle of Morval begins on the Western Front. The four-day battle is part of the final stages of the Battle of the Somme. British troops capture Lesboeufs and Morval and surround the village of Combles.
- The American ambassador in Berlin dispatches a telegram to Washington with a message from the German Government. Germany is “anxious to make peace”, and urges President Woodrow Wilson to make an “offer of mediation” to end the war.
- Six German airships, including super-zeppelins L-30 and L-31 conduct raids over Britain. 43 people are killed and 31 injured.
German naval airship L-30. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 58458).
This entry was posted on September 25th, 2016.
- Stanley James Goble, an Australian serving in the Royal Naval Air Service, shoots down a German LVG bomber near Ghistelles in Belgium
- French aircraft drop 12 bombs on the Krupp munitions works at Essen in Germany
- German troops make three attacks on Allied lines south of the Ancre River on the Somme. All fail.
- A German zeppelin attacks Bucharest, dropping three bombs
This entry was posted on September 24th, 2016.
Wreckage of Zeppelin L-33 shot down over England 23 September 1916. Image courtesy Great War Primary Document Archive Inc (GWPDA).
- The Australian Parliament passes Prime Minister Hughes’ Military Service Referendum Bill. The Bill,first proposed on 13 September, is passed on its third reading after a session lasting 26½ hours. The Bill is agreed to by 17 votes to 9.
- Twelve German airships conduct a raid on London and the English east coast. 40 people are killed and 130 injured, most of whom are civilians. L-32 and L-33 are brought down in Essex by gunfire
This entry was posted on September 23rd, 2016.
Ruins of Martinpuich Church, Courcelette, September 1916.Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 4351).
- British troops continue their advance to the east of Courcelette on the Western Front
- Former draftsman with the Orange Lands Office, Herbert Henry Percy, sends word from the front. He describes the new Lewis automatic machine gun and claims that in a years’ time “we will just about have the Germans on the run”. Soldiers Letters
- More than 1,000 people gather in Robertson Park to welcome home Malcolm Herbert Stewart from overseas duty. Welcome Home to Sgt. Major Stewart. Malcolm describes his experience at the Battle of Lone Pine and declares that the kindness of nurses “knows no bounds”. Sergeant-Major M Stewart
- The Canadian government announces the number of Canadian casualties to date: 8,644 dead, 27,212 wounded and 2,005 missing
- The Turkish garrison at Taif in the Hejaz surrenders to Arab forces
This entry was posted on September 22nd, 2016.
William Aubrey Collyer was born in Wongarbon in 1896, the first of five children born to Thomas William Collyer and his wife Flora Jane (nee Dewar).
William was working as a butcher in Wongarbon when WWI was declared. The 19 year old was one of twenty men who joined the Coo-ees when they arrived in Orange on Saturday, 23 October 1915.
Conceived by Captain “Bill” Hitchen of Gilgandra, the Coo-ee March was a recruitment drive in response to dwindling enlistments following the heavy casualties sustained on the Gallipoli Peninsula and in the trenches of France. On 10 October 1915 Hitchen left Gilgandra with 25 men to march the 515km to Sydney, collecting recruits along the way. A total of 264 recruits reached Martin Place in Sydney at noon on Friday 12 November, where they were greeted by Prime Minister Billy Hughes and a crowd of 100,000 people.
William proceeded to Liverpool camp for training, embarking with his fellow coo-ees on the Star of England from Sydney on 8 March 1916. William served in France and England as a Private in the 13th Battalion, 15th Reinforcements, later as a Driver and then Gunner.
In May 1919 William embarked from England to return to Australia. He settled in the Richmond River district and, in 1922, married Jessie Martha McDonough. The couple had seven children. William worked as a stock inspector for the NSW Tick Department for many years, until he was forced to resign due to ill-health as a result of his war service.
William Aubrey Collyer died in Lismore Base Hospital on 20 August 1937. He was afforded a military funeral by the Lismore branch of the Returned Soldiers’ League, with returned soldiers forming a guard of honour at St Andrew’s Church of England and East Lismore Cemetery.
William is commemorated on the Wongarbon Soldiers’ Memorial and the Wellington Cenotaph in Cameron Park, Wellington.
Northern Star, 21 August 1937, p. 8.
Obituary – Mr WA Collyer
Northern Star, 23 August 1937, p. 5.
Mr WA Collyer
This entry was posted on September 21st, 2016.
HMAS Melbourne. Image courtesy Australia War Memorial.
- HMAS Melbourne joins the Second Light Cruiser Squadron for operations in the North Sea
- French soldiers take trenches south-east of Thiaumont at Verdun, capturing more than 100 prisoners
This entry was posted on September 21st, 2016.
- Mayor of Orange, Ald ET McNeilly extends a public welcome in Robertson Park to Malcolm Herbert Stewart. Welcome To An Orange Soldier
- The Leader reports the death in London of William T (“Captain Bill”) Hitchen, leader of the Coo-ee March. Personal
- The pupils of Amaroo Public School donate food, clothing and cigarettes for soldiers at the front. Children’s Gift For Soldiers
- The Brusilov Offensive grinds to a halt on the Eastern Front, following the loss of nearly a million men. The humiliating withdrawal from the hard-won areas lowers morale and fuels political and social unrest in Russia.
- The German-Bulgarian Army under the command of Prussian General August von Mackensen is repulsed in the Dobrudja province of Romania
- Essad Pasha establishes the Albanian government in Salonika
- The Greek Government demands the return of the 4th Army Corps from Germany
This entry was posted on September 20th, 2016.
Belgian troops during the Tabora Offensive, September 1916. Image in public domain.
- Belgian forces capture Tabora, the largest town of German East Africa
- Strong wind and driving rain hinder operations on the Western Front
- Allied forces commence a blockade of the Greek Macedonian coast from mouth of the Struma to mouth of the Mesta River
This entry was posted on September 19th, 2016.