Map of Pozieres and Mouquet Farm district. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
- Charles Henry Jude is killed in action in France
- The 6th Australian Brigade launches an attack on German positions at Mouquet Farm on the Somme. The operation is launched in fine weather at 4.45am; 45 men are killed, 257 wounded and 135 reported missing.
- British soldiers take a section of German trench north of Bazentin-le-Petit on the Somme
- Russian forces advance towards Halicz in Galicia
- British forces enter Morogoro in German East Africa
This entry was posted on August 26th, 2016.
- Day 760 of the war
- Friends of William Henry Collins gather at Borenore to wish him well on the eve of his departure for overseas service. Borenore
- The Leader reports that over £100 was raised for soldiers during yesterday’s Wattle Day celebrations in Orange. Wattle Day
- Leslie Cousins writes home and says that the continual bombardments send a shiver down his back. A Shiver In Your Back
- French forces repulse German attacks south of Thiepval
- British warships bombard the forts of Kavalla in Greece
- Russian forces cross the Danube into the Dobrudja to assist the Rumanian forces
They are waiting on the hillside,
Still and stained with battle foam,
For the dawn and the coming
Of the boats to take them home.
Ah! What few years lie behind them,
Yet their lives were full and true;
And the noble deeds that bind them
Bind our Homelands closer, too.
In the shadows, on the hillside,
By blue waters they would rest
After storm winds, peace and calmness,
Alter battle, sleep is best.
This entry was posted on August 25th, 2016.
- The people of Orange celebrate Wattle Day by making donations to the war effort
- The Australian Comforts Fund (ACF) is officially inaugurated to coordinate the activities of the various State patriotic funds established in 1914 to collect money to send comfort parcels to service personnel overseas
- British troops continue their advance towards Thiepval in the northern Somme
- French soldiers capture the village of Maurepas and repulse violent German counter-attacks to the south
- Russian forces reoccupy Mush and Bitlis in Armenia following their ousting by Turkish troops on 24 August. 2,300 Turks are taken prisoner
- Nine people are killed and forty injured as German zeppelins raid the English coastline
This entry was posted on August 24th, 2016.
- Chaplain of the 5th Infantry Brigade, the Reverend S Fernie, writes to Bert Argall’s parents to express his condolences. The Late Pte Argall
- The Leader reports the death of Eric Brodie McKay. Death of Lieut McKay
- The people of Orange prepare to celebrate Wattle Day; Red Cross volunteers are on hand at Foresters’ Hall to accept Christmas gifts for soldiers overseas. The Soldiers’ Christmas Boxes
- French forces continue to advance south of Fleury near Verdun
- Allied forces repulse German attacks at Guillemont
- Russian forces retake Bitlis in Armenia
This entry was posted on August 23rd, 2016.
Royal Flying Corps biplane on reconnaisance, Somme, August 1916, John Warwick Brooke. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 4153).
- Heavy aerial fighting continues on the Somme front
- German soldiers gain a footing in French trenches south of Estrees in the southern Somme
- Russian troops advance to the heights south of Jablonica Pass in the Carpathian Mountains on the Eastern Front
- General Jacob Louis Van Deventer’s South African Mounted Brigade marches unopposed into Kilosa in German East Africa, where new headquarters are established. German soldiers retreat to Morogoro.
This entry was posted on August 22nd, 2016.
- William Wallace Lawson dies of wounds received whilst a prisoner of war in German hands
- The Leader invites readers to celebrate Wattle Day on 24 August by donating a gift for soldiers overseas. The Soldiers’ Christmas
- The Orange Red Cross Society adopts a novel fundraiser; cash prizes will be awarded for the best knitted garments to keep soldiers warm during the European winter. Orange Red Cross Effort
- The Leader reports that the recent meeting to discuss the construction of a home for returned soldiers in Orange was so poorly attended that plans have been postponed. Homes for Heroes
- British forces advance to the north-west of Pozieres, repulsing German attacks at Thiepval Ridge on the Somme
This entry was posted on August 21st, 2016.
- Day 755 of the war
- Heavy artillery action continues on the Somme
- Allied forces clash with the Bulgarian Second Army in Macedonia
This entry was posted on August 20th, 2016.
HMS Falmouth, 1914. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 21243).
- The German High Sea Fleet conducts a raid in the North Sea. The British Grand Fleet intercepts; HMS Nottingham and Falmouth are torpedoed and sunk. The German High Sea Fleet retreats
- British troops continue to gain ground amid heavy fighting on the Somme
- French soldiers repulse German attacks on the village of Fleury
This entry was posted on August 19th, 2016.
William Wallace Lawson was born in Kerr’s Creek in 1890. He was one of six children born to William Henry Lawson and his wife and Eliza (nee MacGilligate). William and his siblings were educated at Kerr’s Creek Public School.
William was working as a labourer in Coonabarabran when he enlisted in August 1915. He was assigned to the 1st Battalion, 13th Reinforcement as a Private and embarked from Sydney on 20 December 1915.
Private Lawson served initially in Egypt. In February 1916 he was transferred to the 54th Battalion, and in June 1916 joined the British Expeditionary Force and proceeded to France for service on the Western Front.
On 20 July 1916 the 54th Battalion was engaged in attacks on German trenches at Bac Saint-Maur near Lille. Fighting was intense – 73 men of the 54th were killed, 288 wounded and 173 were declared missing. William became one of the wounded when he sustained a shrapnel wound to the head. He was subsequently captured by German soldiers and taken to the nearby War Hospital C at Lille. Private Lawson died of his wounds the following day and was buried at Lille Southern Cemetery.
William Lawson is commemorated on the Holy Trinity Church Orange Honour Roll and Kerr’s Creek Honour Roll.
Two of William’s brothers – John Cravey Lawson and Stanley Fitzharding Leslie Lawson – also served in WWI. Both returned to Australia after their war service.
Nameless his grave on a battlefield gory,
Marked by a cross o’er a mound of brown earth;
Died in the pride of his youth and his glory,
Far from his home and the land of his birth.
Leader, 25 October 1916, p. 6.
Private WW Lawson
This entry was posted on August 18th, 2016.
French soldiers marching to the front line near Fleury, 1916. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 58153).
- Ernest Edward Tandy enlists. Ernest is commemorated on the Centenary of WWI in Orange Honour Roll; he would die of wounds in France on 4 September 1918.
- The Leader reports the death of Valentine Edward Lohan in France. Another Orange Soldier Killed
- French soldiers take the village of Fleury near Verdun and make progress at Thiaumont
- Builders, labourers, gardeners and other interested parties are invited to attend a meeting at the Foresters’ Hall to discuss the construction of a home for returned soldiers in Orange. Homes For Heroes
- The Leader reports that the Foresters’ Hall will be open next Thursday to receive donations and Christmas gifts for Orange soldiers at the front. Xmas Boxes For The Boys At The Front
- French troops take part of Maurepas and advance to the south-east, while repelling violent German counter-attacks north of the town
- Brigadier General Edward Northey occupies Lupembe in East Africa (present day Tanzania)
This entry was posted on August 18th, 2016.