- Lancelot Douglas Nicol is killed in action
- Vera Gainsford donates a life-sized marble statue of the Virgin Mary to Forest Reefs Catholic Church in memory of her brother Frederick, who died in France in April 1917. Memorial
- Preparations for War Chest Day in Orange on 27 October are well under way. The procession leaving the Town Hall at 1pm promises to be “the finest that has paraded Orange Streets”. War Chest Day Wade Park Next Saturday
- The Battle of Caporetto (also known as the Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo) begins near the town of Kobarid (in what is now north-western Slovenia). Austro-Hungarian and German forces break through the Italian lines on the Isonzo River and force an Italian retreat of 140km, capturing 300,000 Italian prisoners in the process. Fighting continues until 10 November.
This entry was posted on October 24th, 2017.
- “The Recruiter” writes yet another open letter in the hope of boosting recruitment figures, this time To Only Sons:
The mere fact that you are the only son of your parents should not prevent you from joining the AIF…act the manly part and join your friends at the front.
This entry was posted on October 22nd, 2017.
Frederick Augustus Taylor was born in Cudal in 1889. His parents William Taylor and Mary Jane Anderson were married in Orange in 1879; their first son, Henry Arthur (Harry) was born in 1881, and their second, Sydney Thomas, in 1883. A daughter, Jessie May followed in 1896. William was a popular and well-respected publican in Cudal; the long-time proprietor of the Tattersall’s Hotel.
In 1913 Frederick purchased Mehruda, a 4,000 acre property between Molong and Wellington and where he went on to graze sheep and cattle and to raise crops.
When Fred was 25 he travelled to Goulburn and enlisted in WWI. He was assigned to the Medium Trench Mortar Battery Reinforcement 2 as a gunner. He embarked HMAT A60 Aeneas in Sydney on 30 September 1916, arriving in Plymouth on 19 November 1916. Fred underwent further training at the Australian Army Training Depot in Parkhouse and later at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plain.
In April 1917 Gunner Taylor proceeded to France, where he was taken on strength as a driver with the 3rd Field Artillery Brigade. In mid-October the brigade saw action in the Westouvre area of Belgium. The brigade’s unit diary for 19 October 1917 states:
Owing to bad state of roads and heavy shelling the Batteries experienced considerable difficulty in moving into position.
Three days later, on 21 October 1917, Frederick was killed in action. There is no entry for that day in the 3rd Field Artillery Brigade’s diary, however the very entry on the list of casualties for the week ending 28 October is:
Driver FA Taylor, killed in action, 21 October 1917
When he enlisted Frederick nominated his mother Mary as his next of kin, and in January 1918 she received a small parcel containing his personal effects: his identity disc, two wallets, a French book, letters, photographs, his unit colours and two blank drafts. In accordance with army protocol Frederick’s war medals were forwarded to his father.
Frederick Augustus Taylor is commemorated on the Cudal District Honour Roll, the Cudal and District War Memorial Gates, the Holy Trinity Church Orange Honour Roll, the World War I Roll of Honour on the southern face of the Orange Cenotaph and on panel number 13 on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.
[Frederick’s brother Harry was a partner in the successful auctioneering firm of Bedford, Taylor and Weston Ltd. A noted philanthropist, he awarded an MBE by Queen Elizabeth during her 1954 tour of Australia.]
Cudal and District War Memorial Gates. Image courtesy Anthony Stavely-Alexander.
This entry was posted on October 21st, 2017.
- Day 1180 of the war
- Frederick Augustus Taylor is killed in action
- Soldiers of the American First Division enter combat for the first time, joining the Allied forces on the Western Front under French command
This entry was posted on October 21st, 2017.
John Thomas Fearish. Image courtesy australianroyalty.net.au
John Thomas Fearish had a relatively short military career; he enlisted in November 1916 and died less than a year later from wounds received on the Western Front.
John was born in Orange in 1882, the fifth of eight children born to English immigrant William Fearish and Bathurst born Bridget Mary Fogarty. The family relocated to Surry Hills in Sydney, where John attended Marist Brothers School.
In October 1903 John’s father William was working as a bricklayer’s labourer when he was killed by a falling brick. John’s mother died seven years later from a cerebral haemorrhage.
When 34 year old John enlisted in November 1916 he nominated his sister Catherine as his next of kin. Private Fearish was assigned to the 1st Pioneer Battalion, 9th Reinforcements. He embarked from Sydney on 24 January 1917 and arrived in Devonport in 27 March 1917.
Less than a month later John was admitted to Fovant Military Hospital with bronchial pneumonia. He was discharged to the Pioneer Training Battalion in late May and proceeded to France on 25 September where he was taken on strength with the 45th Battalion.
On 20 October 1917 John was hit by a shell, sustaining multiple fractures to his arms and legs plus wounds to the face and groin. He was transported to the nearby dressing station where he died a few hours later.
In May 1921 the Base Records Office wrote to John’s sister Catherine to say:
Upon enlistment the late soldier recorded you as next of kin, but it has been ascertained that he has a brother living, Mr W Fearish of Weston…and I shall be obliged to if you will advise me whether there are any reasons why the War medals should not go to him.
Upon enlistment my brother recorded me next of kin. My Brother lived with me since My Mother’s Death. When my Brother got killed I lost the only one I loved and who loved me in the Family. John and I were true Friends. I pray you grant me this Medal in honour of My Brother so I may keep it in love and memory until I die and when I die I will give it to William Fearish of Weston.
In July 1921 the Office wrote to John’s older brother William to ask if he had any objection to Catherine receiving John’s war medals:
[Catherine] was nominated as next of kin and seems to have distinct moral claims to the mementos.
William failed to reply, but it was not until December 1922 that Catherine received John’s war medals and memorial plaque.
John Thomas Fearish is commemorated on panel 27 of the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial in Belgium and on panel number 139 on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.
John’s cousin Sidney John Fogarty also served in WWI; he was killed in action at Warlencourt in France on 14 November 1916.
This entry was posted on October 20th, 2017.
This entry was posted on October 20th, 2017.
- The Leader reports the death in action of Joseph Albert Walsh of Clinton Street. Joseph was one of four men from the Orange district to die in the Battle of Polygon Wood. Killed in Action
- The Leader publishes a second list of the district’s soldiers currently on active service for the purpose of sending Christmas parcels. Soldiers’ Christmas
- The Leader gives an update of the special recruiting train which will run along the Great Western Railway Line seeking reinforcements for the war. Military staff aboard the train includes William Jackson VC [who remains to date the youngest Australian to be awarded the Victoria Cross]. Recruiting – Heroes to visit Orange
- German zeppelin L-45 raids London, dropping bombs over Hendon and Piccadilly Circus. A 300kg bomb over Camberwell kills ten people and injures 24. The zeppelin continues to the south east, dropping another bomb over Hither Green [now Nightingale Grove], killing a further 15 people This is the last zeppelin raid on London in WWI. Camberwell Zeppelin Raid
This entry was posted on October 19th, 2017.
- Arnold Cassin Caldwell, a draughtsman with the Land Board Office in Orange, describes the impact that German shelling has on French civilians close to the front line. He complains about the cobble stone roads, “they are like needles to walk on”.
- Schools in Orange plan special sports events to celebrate War Chest Day on 27 October. Events will include tugs-of-war and spoon races.
- Having written open letters to the wives of warriors, the sisters of soldiers, the fathers of fighters and to pals in the State Public Service, “The Recruiter” now appeals to the mothers of men who are in the AIF:
You have made a great gift to the Empire…and now it devolves upon you to rouse these other mothers up to a sense of their duty. You have given yours, and it lies in your hands to a great extent to see that other mothers do likewise.
This entry was posted on October 17th, 2017.
This entry was posted on October 16th, 2017.
- Leslie Ramsay Ebsworth is killed in action in Belgium
- The Leader reports the death in action of Reginald Inglis Miles of Millthorpe. Killed in France
- The Leader reports that Preston Edwin Argall, a clerk from Orange, has been wounded in action stating “it is probably only a minor wound”. Preston was, in fact, killed in action on 20 September, one of seven men from the Orange district to die during the Battle of Menin Road Ridge.
- Dutch-born dancer and courtesan Mata Hari is executed at dawn, having been convicted of spying for Germany
Mata Hari performing in Paris in 1905. Image in public domain.
This entry was posted on October 15th, 2017.