- Private Cyral Morahan in East Africa writes to his father, Hugh, in Lords Place. Cyral claims to have travelled more than 28,000kms from Patagonia to enlist. Eager To Enlist
- The Leader reports that soldiers serving overseas are sending home record amounts of mail; the latest shipment contains almost one million items. Record Mail
- Heavy fighting continues at Fleury and Hill 321 near Verdun; German troops are repulsed north-west of Thiaumont
- Italian troops regain half the trenches lost during the Austrian offensive; the Italian cavalry reach Pedescala, north-east of Arsiero
- The Leader urges readers to Buy a Button on War Chest Button Day. [Henry Budden and Thomas Henley were commissioners of the Australian War Chest]
Buy a button! Buy a button for the soldiers at the war;
A gold ‘un for a century, or silver for a score;
Oh, please to buy a button, Sir, and do not look askance;
‘Twill buy a stick of chocolate for somebody in France.
Buy a button, buy a button or the fund will go to smash;
Mr. Budden’s bought a lorry, and he’s nearly out of cash;
He is blowing up the rhino just as quickly as he can,
So won’t you buy a button to assist, him, Mr, Man?
I have written of Tom Henley in the days gone by; and then
It wasn’t always eulogy, that trickled from my pen;
But I doff my hat to Henley, who has faced the choking sand
To take the boys their puddings in a damned uncomfy land,
Didn’t Tom look well in khaki ‘ere he started on the trip?
But, bedad, he did his duty when he went aboard the ship,
Though he might have stuck to business and have made a tidy cheque
Or he might have stayed in Sydney getting Griffiths in the neck.
Buy a button! Buy a button, and we’ll send a bob to Tom,
Who has chanced the sly torpedo and the aviators’ bomb.
Buy a jolly lot of buttons and we’ll send a cable out;
“We’re selling plenty buttons, Tom, keep splashing it about.”
Buy a button for a soldier who has sucked an empty bowl.
Till his mouth is dry as aches and a curse is in his soul.
At every Orange corner will the War Chest set its traps,
And the fellows who are running it are pretty decent chaps.
When off to Heliopolis a draft has barely gone,
Budden cables: “Send some money, for the last two thousand’s gone;
I hope my friends are all O.K.; please give ’em love for me;
Tell ’em Henley’s riding camels and he can’t sit down to tea.”
The secretary chews a pen and rubs a puzzled head;
He has to get a move on or the joint will soon be dead;
He stares at this, he stares at that, at last he sees a way,
And he writes to all the papers that he’ll have a Button Day,
Buy a button! Buy a button for the jellies, jams and soups
That are packed on Henley’s camels when he goes to see the troops;
Buy a button! Buy a button for the man behind the gun,
For the rowdy boys from Sydney, who will make the Germans run.
Buy a button for the laddie who has lost an arm or leg.
Buy a button! Buy a button! Is there any need to beg
For the sake of our Australia and the Freedom you hold dear,
Buy a Button! Buy a Button! Buy a Button! DO YOU HEAR
This entry was posted on June 28th, 2016.
- German attacks are repulsed at Ypres and Fleury on the Western Front, and in the Riga and Dvinsk areas of the Eastern Front
- Russian troops advance from Kolomea in Bukovina
- Italian troops capture Posina and Arsiero; continuing their advance from the Brenta River to the Adige River on the Southern Front
This entry was posted on June 27th, 2016.
- Day 685 of the war
- The Leader reports that the Orange Red Cross will be selling buttons on War Chest Button Day to support soldiers on the front line. Buttons will cost 1/- each. War Chest Button Day
- Russian forces continue their advance west in northern Persia
- The trial of Roger Casement begins in the High Court of Justice in London. Casement is charged with high treason for his role in the recent Easter Rising
This entry was posted on June 26th, 2016.
Youngest Australian Victoria Cross recipient JWA Jackson. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
- 18-year-old John William Alexander Jackson from Hay wins the first Victoria Cross to be awarded to an Australian serviceman in France. Jackson displays a “splendid example of pluck and determination” when he captures a German prisoner and rescues several men at Bois Grenier, near Armentieres, despite having his arm shattered by an exploding shell. (His arm was later amputated). Jackson remains the youngest Australian to be awarded the Victoria Cross.
- Allied bombardments continue along the Somme
This entry was posted on June 25th, 2016.
- Allied troops commence a week-long artillery bombardment of German defensive positions along the Somme River in northern France, in preparation for a major British-led offensive on 1 July. More than 1.5 million shells are fired along a 25km front in an attempt to destroy German trenches and barricades, clearing the way for an infantry advance.
- French counter-attacks regain some ground in the Battle of Verdun; German troops occupy part of Fleury, their farthest point of advance to date
- Russian forces drive Austrian troops from Bukovina
- General Jacob Louis Van Deventer’s South African Mounted Brigade defeats German troops on Lukigura River in German East Africa
This entry was posted on June 24th, 2016.
- Herbert Henry Argall is killed in action in France, the third serviceman from the Orange district to die on the Western Front
- German troops capture Hills 321 and 320 and Fort Thiaumont, but are repulsed at Les Eparges and on left bank of the Meuse
- Russian forces take Kimpolung in Bukovina; they now report a total of 144,000 prisoners captured, including 4,031 officers and 219 guns
- Nixon’s store in Anson Street advertises The Anzac Book
This entry was posted on June 23rd, 2016.
- German forces resume their offensive near Verdun, targeting Fort Souville. At 10pm they fire 110,000 grenades containing poisonous phosgene gas. One by one the French guns fall silent. The Germans take the village of Fleury just two miles north of Verdun, but French counter-attacks prevent any advance south. Verdun has become a battle of attrition for both sides with a death toll approaching 500,000.
- British Pathe documentary about the state of affairs on the front line and on the home front in 1916. Time To Remember – The Better ‘ole 1916
This entry was posted on June 22nd, 2016.
- Sir John Maxwell’s despatches on operations in Egypt are published. The London Gazette
- German forces are repulsed at Mort Homme and west and south of Vaux Fort; German troops gain ground in Firmin Wood and Chenois Wood in the Battle of Verdun
- Russians occupy Radautz, south of Czernowitz; Germans repulsed in areas of Dvinsk, Vilna and Lutsk; Russians take trenches on Strypa on the Eastern Front
- Italian forces make advances on the Asiago plateau on Southern Front
- Russian forces capture Radautz in Bukovina
This entry was posted on June 21st, 2016.
Australian Prime Minister William (Billy) Hughes and Lieutenant General Sir William Birdwood, France, June 1916. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
- Australian Prime Minister William (‘Billy’) Hughes visits Australian troops in France
- The remnants of General Townshend’s Kut force board open trucks for the final stage of their journey to prison camps in Anatolia
- General Jan Christiaan Smuts’ first despatch on operations in East Africa is published. The Old And The Bold
- German forces penetrate Russian lines at Smorgon on the Eastern Front, but are driven back out; Russian troops cross the Sereth river south of Czernowitz
- Turkish forces take Qasr-i-Shirin in Western Persia
This entry was posted on June 20th, 2016.
- The Leader reports that the recent YMCA war benefit concert raised more than £24, and was so popular that a repeat performance is to be held. YMCA Concert And Cantata. The YMCA Musical Festival
- A German night attack is repulsed north-west of Hill 321 in the Battle of Verdun
- Russians cross Pruth, west of Czernowitz in Bukovina; heavy fighting continues near Lutsk
- Turkish troops are repulsed by Russians at Saripul in Persia
- British forces occupy Handeni in German East Africa
This entry was posted on June 19th, 2016.