Tsar Nicholas II and his family at Livadiya in 1913. From left to right, Olga, Maria, Nicholas II, Alexandra Fyodorovna, Anastasia, Alexei, and Tatiana. Image courtesy Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia.
- Shortly after midnight the Soviet revolutionary Yakov Yurovsky and a group of secret police enter the bedroom of former Tsar Nicholas II. The Tsar, his wife and children, and four servants, are escorted to the cellar whereupon Yurovsky declares:
Nikolai Alexandrovich, in view of the fact that your relatives are continuing their attack on Soviet Russia, the Ural Executive Committee has decided to execute you
The police then proceed to assassinate the imperial family.
This entry was posted on July 16th, 2018.
A group of survivors from the sunken transport ship SS Barunga, Plymouth, England, July 1918. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
- A German torpedo strikes the Australian transport ship SS Barunga off the coast of Cornwall. The Barunga has 855 sick and wounded soldiers aboard who are being invalided home to Australia. Nearby destroyers rush to the vessel’s aid and manage to rescue all crew and passengers before it sinks.
- Germany launches its final offensive on the Western Front: ‘Operation Friedensturm’ (peace offensive) aka the Second Battle of the Marne. Initial German success turns to disaster when the French Army counter-attacks against exhausted German forces. Fighting continues until 5 August and results in 168,000 German casualties. Allied casualties number 95,000 French, 13,000 British, and 12,000 American.
- Sam Whitmee of Millthorpe, who is working for the Red Cross in England, sends news regarding the death in action of Alpheus Eric (Dick) Wenban. The Late Lance-Corp Eric Wenban
- Miss Alma Blunt is voted Italian Red Cross Day Queen in Orange. Locals donate almost £1360 in “the most successful patriotic undertaking that has yet been held in Orange.”
- The Millthorpe Girls’ Patriotic League organise a gift evening at Frape’s Hall to collect Christmas gifts for soldiers serving overseas.
This entry was posted on July 15th, 2018.
The Australian Light Horse escorting German prisoners following the attack on Abu Tellul in Palestine, July 1918. Image courtesy Australian War Memorial.
- 1,000 men of the German Asia Corps launch an attack on Australian Light Horse positions at Abu Tellul on the west bank of the Jordan River in Palestine. The attack is unsuccessful.
- German submarine UB-105 torpedoes French cargo and passenger ship SS Djemnan in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Libya. The ship takes two minutes to sink with the loss of 436 of the 754 people on board.
SS Djemnan. Image courtesy John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.
This entry was posted on July 14th, 2018.
On 12 October 1914 Frederick Harrison enlisted in WWI; the first member of his family to do so. Two of his brothers – Richard and Thomas – would follow his example, as would his 44 year old father, Frederick Harrison snr.
Frederick was born in Lucknow on 13 March 1892, the second of five children of Frederick and Annie Eliza Harrison. Frederick snr was employed at Wentworth Mine and young Frederick followed his father’s example and became a miner.
Frederick embarked for overseas service on 11 February 1915, a private in the 1st Battalion, 2nd Reinforcement. He served on the Gallipoli Peninsula until 6 August 1915 when he sustained a gunshot wound to the chest during the Battle of Lone Pine.
Private Harrison was taken to St Elmo Hospital in Malta, but two weeks later was transferred to County of London War Hospital in Epsom, England.
On 7 November 1915 Frederick embarked for his return to Australia, arriving in Sydney on Christmas Day. He was discharged from the Australian Imperial force on 27 March 1916.
On 30 December 1916 Frederick married Doris Roach Murray at St Michael’s Church in Wollongong. The couple had three children: Frederick Francis, born in Balgownie in 1917; Phyllis, born in Glen Innes in 1922 and Norman, who was born in Narrandera. The family later settled in Sydney.
In 1949, as his health failed, Frederick moved to Dalby in Queensland to live with his son Frederick Francis. He died in Dalby Hospital on 27 June 1949, aged 58 years. Representatives of the Returned Sailor’s Soldier’s Airmen’s Imperial League of Australia (RSSAILA). attended his funeral, and as a mark of respect his casket was draped in the Union Jack.
Frederick Harrison is commemorated on the Shadforth Public School honour roll, the St Peter’s Anglican Church Mosman World War I Honour Roll and the East Face of the Mosman War Memorial.
Frederick’s father and brother Richard survived the war; Thomas Harrison was killed in action in France in July 1918.
This entry was posted on July 13th, 2018.
This entry was posted on July 13th, 2018.
Detachment of American soldiers leave for the front, Le Havre, France, 12 July 1918. Image courtesy US National Archives and Records Administration.
- Leslie Thomas Cullen is awarded the Military Medal for bravery. Military Medal For Orange Soldier
- The Leader reports that Orange carpenter, Alfred Richard Mead, will soon be returning home after sustaining serious injuries to his knee “owing to an encounter with Fritz”
- Manager of Dalton’s boot department, Mr R Rhodes, receives a letter from his brother serving with the 53rd Battalion in France. The letter contains a piece of metal in the shape of Australia, a souvenir from the Red Baron’s plane. German Airman’s Relic
This entry was posted on July 12th, 2018.
This entry was posted on July 11th, 2018.
- The Leader advises that the poll for the election of an Italian Red Cross Day Queen in Orange will closes at midday on 12 July. Italian Red Cross Day
- The steamer Sonoma arrives in Sydney with a record amount of mail from soldiers serving overseas – more than 6000 bags. Mail From The Front
- Returned serviceman George Patrick Rauchle leads his daughter Marguerite down the aisle to marry Gallipoli veteran Herbert O’Connor. An ANZAC Wedding
This entry was posted on July 10th, 2018.
Frederick Harrison snr enlisted in Liverpool, Sydney, on 11 July 1915, aged 44 years. He served for two years, before being invalided home from Egypt with severely fractured ribs. He was serving with the Imperial Camel Brigade in Abbassia when he sustained his injuries.
Born in Bradford, England, in 1864, Frederick served two years with the West Lancashire Yeomanry before migrating to Australia in 1885. He settled in the Shadforth district and married Annie Eliza Totten in Orange in 1890. Frederick and Annie had five children, all of whom were born in the Orange district.
Frederick was employed as a miner at the Wentworth Mine at Lucknow, and played cricket for the town’s team. In August 1897 he was appointed vice-president of the Lucknow branch of the Australian Miners’ Union as the mine employees made the decision to strike in protest of intrusive searches and accusations of theft. Fred was subsequently appointed assistant secretary of the Strike Committee.
By the late 1890s Frederick had moved his family to Neutral Bay in Sydney.
Fred embarked for overseas service on 9 November 1915, a private in the 30th Battalion, 1st Reinforcement. He disembarked in Suez on 11 December and was transferred to the British Camel Corps at Abbassia on 24 January 1916. He served with the Camel Corps for almost a year before sustaining the wounds that would see him invalided home. On 5 February he was admitted to 54th Casualty Clearing Station at El Arish with fractured ribs. He was transferred to the 24th Stationary Hospital and the 14th Australian General Hospital before rejoining his unit on 10 April 1917.
Frederick was hospitalised again in early May and on 11 July 1917 – exactly two years after enlisting – boarded HT Port Sydney in Suez for return to Australia. He disembarked in Sydney on 14 August 1917 and was discharged from the Australian Imperial Force due to medical unfitness on 21 September 1917.
Frederick died in Mosman on 14 November 1945, aged 81 years.
Frederick’s sons Thomas, Richard, and Frederick jnr also served in WWI. Frederick jnr was invalided home in November 1915; Richard returned to Australia in February 1919 and Thomas was killed in action in France in July 1918.
This entry was posted on July 9th, 2018.
German stormtroopers advance through clouds of smoke towards enemy positions on the Western Front 1918. Image courtesy Imperial War Museum © IWM (Q 47997).
This entry was posted on July 9th, 2018.